i. "By the Tritonian Lake [in Libya], Kadmos (Cadmus) the wanderer lay with rosycheek Harmonia [on their wedding night], and the Nymphai (Nymphs) Hesperides made a song for them . However, some philosophers, historians, and geographers have considered Plato’s story as truth.The debate over the Atlantis remained relatively quiet until 1882 when Minnesota’s Represen… 80. 750 ff (trans. Atlas, so huge, became a mountain; beard and hair were changed to forests, shoulders were cliffs, hands ridges; where his head had lately been, the soaring summit rose; his bones were turned to stone. Homer, Odyssey 1. The Titanes should be listed as children of Ouranos (Caelum) and Gaia (Terra) not Aither and Gaia, but the notation to this effect seems to have been lost in the transcription. One other Titan god before this I have seen in distress, enthralled in torment by adamantine bonds--Atlas, pre-eminent in mighty strength, who moans as he supports the vault of heaven on his back. "[Among the illustrations on the chest of Kypselos (Cypselus) dedicated at Olympia :] Atlas too is supporting, just as the story has it, heaven and earth upon his shoulders; he is also carrying the apples of the Hesperides. A common misconception today is that Atlas was forced to hold the Earth on his shoulders, but Classical art shows Atlas holding the celestial spheres, not the terrestrial globe; the solidity of the marble globe borne by the renowned Farnese Atlas may have aided the conflation, reinforced in the 16th century by the developing usage of atlas to describe a corpus of terrestrial maps. § 1, iii. ", Seneca, Hercules Furens 425 ff : Fairbanks) (Greek rhetorician C3rd A.D.) : The common opinion, however, was, that the heaven-bearing Atlas was in the north-western part of Africa, and the range of mountains in that part of the world bears the name of Atlas down to this day. Jones) (Greek travelogue C2nd A.D.) : Pausanias, Description of Greece 5. King Atlas invented the first celestial globe. The Hesperides (they were removed by the Eleans) were even in my time in the Heraion (Heraeum) (Temple of Hera); the treasury was made for the Epidamnians. That great giant, Atlas, whose shoulders bear the circling sky, is one grandfather. "[When Phaethon driving the chariot of the sun set the earth aflame :] Even Atlas fails, his shoulders scarce sustain the flaming sky. And Atlas has so gladly seized upon the offer of Herakles that he implores him to venture the task. Hesiod only says, that he bore heaven with his head and hands. to C1st A.D.) : Seneca, Hercules Furens 68 ff (trans. ", Seneca, Hercules Furens 68 ff (trans. The first episode of Alien Worlds introduces viewers to a planet called Atlas. The inscription on the heavens says that his son helped him to make it. . . Atlas' best-known cultural association is in cartography. And since these Atlantides excelled in beauty and chastity, Busiris the king of the Aigyptians (Egyptians), the account says, was seized with a desire to get the maidens into his power; and consequently he dispatched pirates by sea with orders to seize the girls and deliver them into his hands . . Dione and Calypso, and Hyas and Hesperus, are likewise called his children. § 2.) . Spatial information informs decisions about how to build a better future. Showerman) (Roman poetry C1st B.C. [N.B. Atlas is represented as exhausted, to judge by all the sweat that trickles from him and to infer from his trembling arm, but Herakles earnestly desires the task. ", Philostratus the Elder, Imagines 2. 246.). 290 ff (trans. . Since the Atlas mountains rise in the region inhabited by Berbers, it has been suggested that the name might be taken from one of the Berber, specifically ádrār 'mountain'. The location of this myth on the Atlantic coast presupposes the Atlas story. Libya]. . ", Statius, Thebaid 1. Furthermore, the name of Atlantis mentioned in Plato's Timaeus' dialogue derives from "Atlantis nesos" (Ancient Greek: Ἀτλαντὶς νῆσος), literally meaning "Atlas's Island. "Simonides represents him [Atlas] as holding the sky on his shoulders. Hermes], Pleione's grandson." Last month, we introduced the ArcGIS Living Atlas Indicators of the Planet (Beta): a website that showcases authoritative information for 18 themes of interest for tracking the state of the planet.These planet indicators provide a quick snapshot of the status of each theme and provide customized pages with further information about each theme. 8 : When the Titans were defeated, many of them (including Menoetius) were confined to Tartarus, but Zeus condemned Atlas to stand at the western edge of Gaia (the Earth) and hold up the sky on his shoulders. viii. Jones) (Greek travelogue C2nd A.D.) : "Atlas the baleful (oloophron); he knows the depths of all the seas, and he, no other, guards (or holds) the tall pillars that keep the sky and earth apart. When they tried to mount to heaven, Jove with the help of Minerva [Athena], Apollo, and Diana [Artemis], cast them headlong into Tartarus. Hesiod, Theogony 507 ff (trans. Suda On Line) (Byzantine Greek lexicon C10th A.D.) : 333 ff : : "[The writer Diodorus Siculus presents a rationalised interpretation of the Atlas myth :] But we must not fail to mention what the myths relate about Atlas and about the race of the Hesperides. 114 (trans. For Atlas had worked out the science of astrology to a degree surpassing others and had ingeniously discovered the spherical nature of the stars, and for that reason was generally believed to be bearing the entire firmament upon his shoulders. 247. ", Ovid, Metamorphoses 2. "Atlas : He of whom myth tells that he holds up earth and heaven. Weir Smyth) (Greek tragedy C5th B.C.) Ovid later gives a more detailed account of the incident, combining it with the myth of Heracles. "The heaven that is to bear you [Herakles], yourself one bore; Hercules bent to the load of the stars when Atlas was their stay. 119 - 120 : "From Atlas and Pleione [were born] : Maia, Calypso, Alcyone, Merope, Electra, Celaeno. Evelyn-White) (Greek epic C8th or C7th B.C.) "That great giant, Atlas, whose shoulders bear the circling sky. . Atlas is a planet in the Herculean system. 172 : iii. . ", Pindar, Pythian Ode 4. 150.) "On Atlas . to C1st A.D.) . : § 7. [7] He had many children, mostly daughters, the Hesperides, the Hyades, the Pleiades, and the nymph Calypso who lived on the island Ogygia.[8]. ", Pseudo-Hyginus, Preface (trans. It also harbors two moons, one being very close to the planet, causing frequent solar eclipses. "On those shoulders [of Herakles], on which the royal structure of the lofty sky had rested.". "[Ostensibly a description of an ancient Greek painting at Neapolis (Naples) :] Atlas. [31] Both objects depict the encounter with Atlas of Hercle—the Etruscan Heracles—identified by the inscription; they represent rare instances where a figure from Greek mythology was imported into Etruscan mythology, but the name was not. 60, iv. 29 (trans. were all sons of Iapetos (Iapetus) and Asia. In particular, according to Ovid, after Perseus turns Atlas into a mountain range, he flies over Aethiopia, the blood of Medusa's head giving rise to Libyan snakes. ", Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca 2. Spatial information informs decisions about how to build a better future. Jones) (Greek travelogue C2nd A.D.) : For a collection of maps, see, Deity in Greek mythology who held up the heavens or sky, George Doig, "Vergil's Art and the Greek Language", The "testimony of Eusebius" was "drawn from the most ancient historians" according to Mercator. 259 ff (trans. "The stormy Peleiades (Pleiades) . ad Lycophr. . [5.2] THE HESPERIDES (Hyginus Astronomica 2.3), ATLAS (Atlas), according to Hesiod (Theog. 134.) Shewring) (Greek epic C8th B.C.) : Grant) (Roman mythographer C2nd A.D.) : "By no weight will he [Herakles] be crushed who upbore the heavens. : Aeschylus, Fragment 172 (from Athenaeus, Deipnosophists 11. The account runs like this: In the country known as Hesperitis there were two brothers whose fame was known abroad, Hesperos (Hesperus) and Atlas. . In antiquity, he was credited with inventing the first celestial sphere. ", Seneca, Phaedra 325 ff ; [This is said] in reference to those who undertake great matters and encounter misfortune. (Photo by … Atlas is a software developed in the Mission Design Center at NASA Ames. Aldrich) (Greek mythographer C2nd A.D.) : "The waters of Khremetes (Chremetes) [a river of North Africa] in the west, where that afflicted ancient, Libyan Atlas, wearily bends under the whirling heavens. Planet. Herakles agreed, but by a trick gave the sphere back to Atlas. The 1,050-pound piano sized probe, which was launched January 19, 2006 aboard an Atlas V rocket from Cape Canaveral, Florida, zipped by the planet yesterday. [24][25][26], Atlas was also a legendary king of Mauretania, the land of the Mauri in antiquity roughly corresponding with modern Maghreb. Meanwhile the pirates had seized the girls while they were playing in a certain garden and carried them off, and fleeing swiftly to their ships had sailed away with them. Suda On Line) (Byzantine Greek lexicon C10th A.D.) : ", Nonnus, Dionysiaca 31. Atlas was also the god who instructed mankind in the art of astronomy, a tool which was used by sailors in navigation and farmers in measuring the seasons. The program's primary goals, as described in the 2014 NASA Science Plan, are to discover planets around other stars, to characterize their properties and to identify planets that could harbor life. Like Pan, Atlas has a distinctive flying saucer shape created by a prominent equatorial ridge not seen on the other small moons of Saturn. Shewring) (Greek epic C8th B.C.) Polyidos (Polyidus) the dithyrambic poet makes Atlas a shepherd: according to him, Perseus arrived on the scene, and Atlas asked who he was and where he had come from; and when Perseus' words failed to persuade him to allow him to pass, he was compelled to show him the Gorgon's face and turned him to stone; and the mountain was called Atlas after him. On the advise of Prometheus he asked Atlas to take the sky while he put a cushion on his head. Their child Pleione couples with sky-lifting Atlas--so the story is--and bears the Pleiades. Evelyn-White) (Greek epic C8th or C7th B.C.) "Towering Atlas shuddered and shifted the weight of heaven upon his trembling shoulders. Mair) (Greek poet C3rd B.C.) 97 ff (trans. . These too are of cedar-wood, and are works of Theokles (Theocles), son of Hegylos. Watch Queue Queue. A complete bibliography of the translations quoted on this page. 198 : ATLAS was the Titan god who bore the sky aloft. Atlas Iapetionides (son of Iapetos) surpassed all men in giant size. Grant) (Roman mythographer C2nd A.D.) : . [2.1] KALYPSO (Homer Odyssey 1.52, Apollodorus E7.23) Thus Ovid (Met. : : Quintus Smyrnaeus, Fall of Troy 11. ad Aen. 2 (trans. ", Diodorus Siculus, Library of History 4. "From Aether and Terra [were born various abstractions] . [25][27], Atlas became associated with Northwest Africa over time. Aldrich) (Greek mythographer C2nd A.D.) : Pausanias, Description of Greece 3. The belly of Atlas, for instance, one can see although he is bending forward, and one can perceive that he is panting. 6 (trans. 83.) ATLAS is an asteroid impact early warning system being developed by the University of Hawaii and funded by NASA. Showerman) (Roman poetry C1st B.C. By the time of the Roman Empire the habit of associating Atlas' home to a chain of mountains, the Atlas mountains, which were near Mauretania and Numidia, was firmly entrenched.[30]. Some say, however, that he did not take the apples from Atlas, but killed the Drakon (Dragon) that guarded them, and picked them himself. 415 ff (trans. And with 28 hydraulically actuated joints and stereo vision, it is one of the most advanced robots ever. and it was for this reason that the idea was held that the entire heavens were supported upon the shoulders of Atlas, the myth darkly hinting in this way at his discovery and description of the sphere. Atlas was discovered in October 1980 by the Voyager 1 probe. 27; Serv. ", Pausanias, Description of Greece 5. . This interactive 3D globe features wonders of the world, political and physical maps, and weather. No, let him leave his endless burden to the other gods, and battle against the Blessed Ones! Aldrich) (Greek mythographer C2nd A.D.) : I ask for rest and lodging.’ But the giant recalled the oracle which Themis Parnasia had given : ‘Atlas, a time shall come when from your tree the gold shall be despoiled, and of that spoil a son of Jove shall boast.’ In fear he had walled his orchards all around with massive ramparts and for guardian set an enormous Draco; and drove off all strangers from the borders of his realm. 52 ff (trans. 52 ff (trans. § 1, 11. "He [Herakles (Heracles)] swells with pride of tested might, and has learned by bearing them that the heavens can be conquered by his strength; he set his head beneath the sky [in place of Atlas], nor did the burden of that immeasurable mass bend his shoulders, and the firmament rested better on the neck of Hercules. On Atlas, who had been their leader, he put the vault of the sky; even now he is said to hold up the sky on his shoulders. The prophecy did not relate to Perseus stealing the golden apples but Heracles, another son of Zeus, and Perseus' great-grandson. Atlas, fearful of a prophecy which warned of a son of Zeus stealing his golden apples from his orchard, refuses Perseus hospitality. Od. For Atlas had worked out the science of astrology to a degree surpassing others and had ingeniously discovered the spherical arrangement of the stars, and for that reason was generally believed to be bearing the entire firmament upon his shoulders. ", Philostratus the Elder, Imagines 1. [16] According to Ovid, Perseus arrives in Atlas' Kingdom and asks for shelter, declaring he is a son of Zeus. But when he found his strength surpassed (for who could match the strength of Atlas?) This everybody can see is Herakles, though he is not mentioned especially in the inscription, which reads:--Here is Atlas holding heaven, but he will let go the apples. He had been connected with the Hesperides, "Nymphs" which guarded the golden apples, and Gorgons both of which lived beyond Ocean in the extreme west of the world since Hesiod's Theogony. Drag down to earth the heavenly pillar, let Atlas be shaken and flee away, let him throw down the starry vault of Olympos and fear no more its circling course--for I will not permit a son of Earth to be bowed down with chafed shoulders, while he underprops the revolving compulsion of the sky! Thus Herakles picked them up and left. Last in the picture come . Greek Lyric V) : Philostratus the Elder, Imagines 1. : The Cassini spacecraft looks past Saturn's main rings to spy the tiny moon Atlas, which orbits between the main rings and the thin F ring. It represents a time-sensitive solar system simulator allowing you to explore planets, stars, satellites, dwarfs, asteroids, comets and other celestial bodies in real time in outer space. In front of it the son of Iapetos (Iapetus) [Atlas] stands immovably upholding the wide heaven upon his head and unwearying hands, where Nyx (Night) and Hemera (Day) draw near and greet one another as they pass the great threshold of bronze. This system of seven rocky worlds–all of them with the potential for water on their surface–is an exciting discovery in the search for life on other worlds. to C1st A.D.) : Ovid, Heroides 16. showing the heavens upheld by Atlas, and also Herakles (Heracles) and the apple-tree of the Hesperides, with the Drakon coiled round the apple-tree. Shewring) (Greek epic C8th B.C.) 10. Aldrich) (Greek mythographer C2nd A.D.) : Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca 2. 27; Plat. [12], Traditionally historical linguists etymologize the Ancient Greek word Ἄτλας (genitive: Ἄτλαντος) as comprised from copulative α- and the Proto-Indo-European root *telh₂- 'to uphold, support' (whence also τλῆναι), and which was later reshaped to an nt-stem. For among the stories told about Herakles is one that he killed the eagle which tormented Prometheus in the Kaukasos (Caucasus) , and set free Prometheus himself from his chains. The "Atlantic Ocean" is derived from "Sea of Atlas". iii. "The Titanes (Titans) had children . Atlas who holds the sky on his shoulders, Prometheus, Epimetheus, and Menoitios (Menoetius) . (Diod. This interactive 3D globe features wonders of the world, political and physical maps, and weather. Hesiod, Theogony 507 ff (trans. In partnership with Microsoft, National Geographic, and the United Nations Sustainable Development Solutions Network, Esri is gathering these and other topics into the ArcGIS Living Atlas Indicators of the Planet (Beta).Leveraging the near real-time information already contributed to Living Atlas by organizations such as NOAA, UN Environment Programme, and US Geological Survey, ArcGIS … With the lowest prices online, cheap shipping rates and local collection options, you can make an even bigger saving. 62 ff (trans. 103 ff : ", Pausanias, Description of Greece 5. ", Apollonius Rhodius, Argonautica 4. 164 ff : Exoplanet Exploration Program NASA's science, technology and mission management office for the exploration of exoplanets. A man holding a sword is coming towards Atlas. . lovely Teygeta (Taygeta), and dark-faced Elektra (Electra), and Alkyone (Alcyone), and bright Asterope, and Kelaino (Celaeno), and Maia, and Merope, whom glorious Atlas begot. Aeschyl. [N.B. : In some texts, he is even credited with the invention of astronomy itself. 349 ff : Now Mercurius [Hermes] is your father--Mercurius whom fair Maia conceived and bore upon the snowy peak of Cyllene. Virgil took pleasure in translating etymologies of Greek names by combining them with adjectives that explained them: for Atlas his adjective is durus, "hard, enduring",[10] which suggested to George Doig[11] that Virgil was aware of the Greek τλῆναι "to endure"; Doig offers the further possibility that Virgil was aware of Strabo's remark that the native North African name for this mountain was Douris. Atlas and his brother Menoetius sided with the Titans in their war against the Olympians, the Titanomachy.When the Titans were defeated, many of them (including Menoetius) were confined to Tartarus, but Zeus condemned Atlas to stand at the western edge of Gaia (the Earth) and hold up the sky on his shoulders. Melville) (Roman epic C1st B.C. [1.1] IAPETOS & KLYMENE (Hesiod Theogony 507, Hyginus Pref)[1.2] IAPETOS & ASIA (Apollodorus 1.8)[1.3] IAPETOS (Ovid Metamorphoses 4.627) 18. [3.1] MAIRA (Pausanias 8.12.7) 2. 4 : Entry_ID: GCRIO 042 GCRIO_Inventory: 4 Entry_Title: ATLAS-1: Encountering Planet Earth Document_Author: Shea, Charlotte Document_Author: McMahan, Tracy Document_Author: Wiginton, Margaret (editor) Agency_Name: NASA>National Aeronautics and Space Administration Start_Date: 1992-06-01 Group: Summary Audience_Interest_Guide: Science Institutes Audience_Interest_Guide: … Now Hesperos begat a daughter named Hesperis, who he gave in marriage to his brother and after whom the land was given the name Hesperitis; and Atlas begat by her seven daughters, who were named after their father Atlantides, and after their mother Hesperides. Greek Lyric II) (Greek lyric C6th to 5th B.C.) iv. 26. ", Pausanias, Description of Greece 9. 119 - 120 : Apollonius Rhodius, Argonautica 4. There is no need to admire the shaded parts of Herakles' body because they are vigorously drawn--for the attitudes of recumbent figures or persons standing erect are easily shaded, and their accurate reproduction is not at all a mark of skill--but the shadows on Atlas show a high degree of skill; for the shadows on a crouching figure like his run into one another, and do not darken any of the projecting parts but they produce light on the parts that are hollow and retreating. In Boiotia ( Boeotia ) ] apples, the honor that was yours and your 's... Complete bibliography of the sphere 172 ( from Athenaeus, Deipnosophists 11 bore him and the,... Decisions about how to build a better future and funded by NASA the and! You can make an even bigger saving kind that are seen here the third of the rings just.: Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and is atlas a real planet Argonautica 4 in either case the. Tell them you got your Atlas planet on AliExpress eye-catching Hyas was first... 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