Rounding out your existing knowledge with some additional medical terms, abbreviations, and acronyms can help you gain an even better handle on what you hear in the health care world. Benign: Not cancerous. 16. -ology: The study of a particular concentration. Sometimes it can feel like medical terminology is a language all of its own. Constructed words are easy to deconstruct and easier to learn as each part has a meaning. Search medical terms and abbreviations with the most up-to-date and comprehensive medical dictionary from the reference experts at Merriam-Webster. A medical glossary containing a list of medical terminology and medical terms definitions can be useful in many ways. 17. -pathy: Disease or disease process. Sortable table Abbreviation Meaning ā (a with a bar over it) before (from Latin ante) before: … 23. pertaining to conditions or instruments of the, millionth; denoting something as small, relating to smallness, of or pertaining to the nail (of a finger or toe), of or pertaining to an (egg), a woman's egg, the ovum, of or relating to chemical properties of the. 47. Medical coding is dependent upon a solid understanding of medical terminology. 1. First, prefixes and suffixes, most of which are derived from ancient Greek or classical Latin, have a droppable -o-. If you’re an athletic person, for example, you probably know cardiovascular exercise is any activity that gets your heart rate pumping. Healthcare providers use medical terminology to describe body parts, diseases, procedures, equipment, and more. 16. 18. You’re your own best advocate. 13. 9. 19. Here are a few of the most common. Medical terms can be broken down into basic components, making them easier for a layperson to understand. This medical terminology cheat sheet covers a lot of ground, but there will likely be times when you hear something unfamiliar. ALS - advanced life support, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis 5. Hemat/o: Pertaining to blood. 11. 15. 24. This section contains lists of different root classification (e.g. 35. 20. For instance, you can refer to it for common medical terms that your physician may have used at an appointment you had with him/her, which you may not have understood fully. The charts providers use for making notes are often filled with these terms. Regular visits to your primary care physician are key to maintaining good health. 30. 8. Most medical terms consist of three basic components: the root word (the base of the term), prefixes (in front of the root word), and suffixes (at the end of the root word). 49. Roots. Medical terminology follows the same structural rules all language does, including use of prefixes and suffixes. LDL-C: Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, often called “bad” cholesterol. Outpatient: A patient who receives care without being admitted to a hospital. phototropic (taking a particular direction under the influence of light), neurotropic (having an affinity for nerve cells or tissue, e.g. C - centigrade, celsius 9. body components, quantity, description, etc.). The world of medical terminology is quite vast, so this list is organized by category to make it a little easier to digest. 46. DNR: Do not resuscitate, a medical order indicating providers should not perform CPR. 33. 37. Examples of medical terminology used today based on the Greek language are The word semantics is derived from the Greek semantikos, meaning “significant.” Coccyx comes from the Greek word for “cuckoo” — it resembles a cuckoo’s beak. CPR: Cardiopulmonary resuscitation, a life-saving technique that’s also called mouth-to-mouth resuscitation. 43. Cardi/o: Related to the heart. While most of us don’t need to understand discipline-specific terminology outside of our own profession, medical vocabulary is a notable exception. But what if you don’t have a doctor you see regularly? Medical terms may begin with a prefix. Jennifer L. Dorsey, PhD has coauthored, revised, and ghostwritten books in the medical, business, and personal growth categories for more than 20 years. Contusion: A bruise. You might even know some of them by a different name. In fact, engaging with your doctor could result in a healthier life. 22. 1. Stat: Immediately. Many times you’ll encounter a medical term that contains a prefix that describes a number. Learn how you can find the right MD by reading our article “How to Choose a Doctor: What You Should Look for in a Primary Care Physician.”, 50 Must-Know Medical Terms, Abbreviations, and Acronyms, How to Choose a Doctor: What You Should Look for in a Primary Care Physician, Medical Show Myths: 7 Things TV Doctors Always Get Wrong, Health Care Technology: How Medical Providers are Embracing Tech, 75 Top-Notch Medical Blogs Every Health Care Pro Should Know, How Long Does the Flu Last? 10. 4. Medical Coding. Pulmon/o: Refers to the lungs. HR: Heart rate, expressed as beats per minute. 39. This is especially important when it comes to speaking one-on-one with your physician. ABG - arterial blood gas 3. -ectomy: Surgical removal of something. We all need to know what’s going on with our health. generally appended where Latin would do it—to the root of a Latin-type perfect passive participle. Abscess: A tender, fluid-filled pocket that forms in tissue, usually due to infection. This nomenclature describes conditions, procedures, medications, instruments and anatomical structures. Malignant: Indicates the presence of cancerous cells. Fracture: Broken bone or cartilage. Poly-: Many. A&W - alive and well 8. Medical terminology is used to precisely describe the human body components, processes, illnesses, medical procedures, and pharmacology. 2. 7. Derm/a/o, dermat/o: Pertaining to the skin. 18. -plasty: Surgical repair. CC - cubic centimeter, chief complaint, critical care, complications, carbon copy 10. While building a medical vocabulary and combining and working with word parts, it is important to understand the rules for pluralization. Dys-: Abnormal, difficult, or painful. Medical prefixes and suffixes. You’d be wise to start looking. This is a short list of common abbreviations you may have seen on a doctor's notepad; a prescription drug package or bottle; lab or other test results; or in your doctor's notes. C/O - complains of, care of 11. When that happens, don’t be afraid to ask for clarity. Gastr/o: Related to the stomach. Edema: Swelling caused by fluid accumulation. For the health care professional, it is imperative that precision is used in the way patients’ physical conditions and diseases are described. Oste/o: Related to bone. Medical Dictionary is intended for use by healthcare consumers, students, and professionals as well as anyone who wants to keep up with the burgeoning array of terminology found in today’s medical news. 41. Second, medical roots generally go together according to language, i.e., Greek prefixes occur with Greek suffixes and Latin prefixes with Latin suffixes. Suffixes. Intravenous: Indicates medication or fluid that’s delivered by vein. To be successful and accurate medical coders must have a solid understanding of common medical terms for various reasons which include: Reading and understanding medical dictation Proper code look up … NICU: Neonatal intensive care unit, a specialized unit that cares for premature infants. 1. For example, the word “neuroblastoma” can be broken down this way: “Neuro” - … It facilitates effective communication and correspondence between physicians across borders and from different parts of the world. This is a list of roots, suffixes, and prefixes used in medical terminology, their meanings, and … Medical terminology is the language of healthcare. Having thoughtful conversations with your physician is about more than just gaining knowledge. Beverley Henderson, CMT-R, HRT has more than 40 years of experience in medical terminology and transcription as both an educator and manager. The Language of Medicine 11th Edition, Davi-Ellen Chabner, "Root Words & Prefixes: Quick Reference. 3. 42. EKG: Electrocardiogram, a way of monitoring the heart and testing for problems. 29. Inpatient: A patient who requires hospitalization. Our doctors define difficult medical language in easy-to-understand explanations of over 19,000 medical terms. Some medical root words are intuitive simply based on your experiences. 26. denotes something relating to digestion, or the digestive tract. Patient education is a huge part of a physician’s job. 40. HDL-C: High-density lipoprotein cholesterol, often called “good” cholesterol. As a general rule, this -o- almost always acts as a joint-stem to connect two consonantal roots (e.g. AMA - against medical advice, American Medical Association 6. Use this list to get you started. These general medical terms are oftentimes abbreviated for ease of communication. Chronic: Signifies a recurring, persistent condition like heart disease. Any time you listen to an expert speaker, acronyms and abbreviations litter their language. 21. The following is an alphabetical list of medical prefixes and suffixes, along with their meanings, origins, and English examples. There are a few general rules about how they combine. 34. Most of them are combining forms in New Latin and hence international scientific vocabulary. These medical terms will keep you feeling smart next time you visit the doctor or watch Grey’s Anatomy. There are many more medical acronyms and abbreviations than what’s listed below. 28. Abbreviations, acronyms, and medical terminology are used for many conditions, and for instructions on medication prescribed by your doctor. A solid understanding of this language is important for health care professionals and patients alike. But unless you’re planning to become a doctor or another type of provider, this condensed lineup should get you up to speed. Prefixes modify or enhance the meaning of the term's root by indicating number, location, time or modifying the root's meaning. Whether you’re reading a medical journal, visiting someone at the hospital, or heading to the clinic for your next physical exam, you can benefit from having these medical terms at your disposal. Epidermis: The outer layer of the skin. Retro-: Behind or backward. Fans of medical TV shows might already be familiar with some common terms. A-, an-: Lack of or without. Dictionary, MEDictionary, Medical Dictionary, Popular Medical Terms, health Dictionary,doctor, doctorndtv,ndtvdoctor,indian health site,indian medical site Perhaps you’re aware of what it means for a condition to be chronic or for a tumor to be benign. Rx: Prescription, usually for medication but can also signify another treatment. Every industry has its fair share of jargon. Abrasion: A cut or scrape that typically isn’t serious. BP: Blood pressure. -itis: Signifies inflammation. -ectomy: Surgical removal of something. Each list is alphabetized by English meanings, with the corresponding Greek and Latin roots given. 45. 50. 44. ", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_medical_roots,_suffixes_and_prefixes&oldid=993765578, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2019, Articles containing Middle English (1100-1500)-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, denoting something as different, or as an addition, denoting something as positioned on both sides; describing both of two, Pertaining to the membranous fetal sac (amnion), describing something as positioned in front of another thing, describing something as 'against' or 'opposed to' another, of or pertaining to the armpit (uncommon as a prefix), azothermia: raised temperature due to nitrogenous substances in blood, Indicating 'short' or less commonly 'little', of or pertaining to the head (as a whole), applied to describing processes and parts of the body as likened or similar to horns, denotes a surgical operation or removal of a body part; resection, excision, of or pertaining to the pubic region, the loins, hole, opening, or aperture, particularly in bone, used to form adjectives indicating "having the form of", a hollow or depressed area; a trench or channel, instrument used to record data or picture, denotes something as "the other" (of two), as an addition, or different, denotes something as "the same" as another or common, of or pertaining to the shoulder (or [rarely] the upper arm), of or pertaining to medicine or a physician (, denotes a field in medicine emphasizing a certain body component, of or pertaining to the abdominal wall, flank, denotes someone who studies a certain field (the field of _____-logy); a specialist; one who treats, denotes the academic study or practice of a certain field; the study of. Build medical terms using the word element, prefix, word root, combining vowel or suffix needed to build the term. In medical terminology, suffixes usually signify a medical condition, surgical procedure, diagnostic term, test information, disease, or part of speech. Psych: Refers to psychiatry or the psychiatric ward. Suffixes can modify the meaning of the word, often in very important ways. PT: Physical therapy, a type of treatment to help patients move and feel better. Doctors aim to foster an environment that generates dialogue. See the common root, denotes something as 'after (time)' or 'behind (space)' another, denotes something as 'before' another (in [physical] position or time), denotes something as 'first' or 'most-important', denotes something as 'first' or 'most important', Pertaining to a wing; 'pterygo-', wing-shaped, falling, drooping, downward placement, prolapse, hemoptysis, the spitting of blood derived from the lungs or bronchial tubes, to thicken (as the nucleus does in early stages of cell death), referring to the beginning, or the root, of a structure, usually a nerve or a vein, rachial, rachialgia, rachidian, rachiopathy, burst forth, rapid flow (of blood, usually), of or pertaining to the red nucleus of the brain, denoting something "split" or "double-sided", denoting something as "full of scales" or "scaly", denoting something as narrow in shape or pertaining to narrowness, abnormal narrowing of a blood vessel or other tubular organ or structure, of or pertaining to the upper chest, the area above the breast and under the neck, of or pertaining to the mouth; an artificially created opening, indicates similarity, likeness, or being together; assimilates before some consonants: before, denoting something as fast, irregularly fast, denoting something as relating to a woman, feminine, of or pertaining to the upper chest, chest; the area above the breast and under the neck, of or relating to a blood clot, clotting of blood, denoting something as moving or situated across or through, of or pertaining to hair, hair-like structure, turned toward, with an orientation toward, having an affinity for, affecting, geotropic (The directional growth of an organism in response to gravity), of or pertaining to urine, the urinary system, of or pertaining to the belly, the stomach cavities, of or pertaining to the internal organs, the, having a yellow color, especially an abnormally yellow color, This page was last edited on 12 December 2020, at 11:02. 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