Photosynthesis: During photosynthesis, light energy is converted into potential energy. Hence, photosynthetic organisms are found as primary producers in food chains. Photosynthesis: Photosynthesis is found only in chlorophyllous cells. ATP synthase enzyme on the thylakoid membrane transfers the 24 electrons into 12 water molecules, producing 6 oxygen molecules. 5th edition. Cellular respiration is the process of converting energy and providing it to the different cells of the body. This catabolic process continues throughout the day and night. These are the two reciprocal process, with the same aim of obtaining energy but by using different … Energy is the basic source an individual needs for the survival of life. Main Difference. 2017. 6NADH, 2FADH2 and 2ATPs per one glucose molecule are produced by the Krebs cycle. Equation of Photosynthesis is C6H12O6 + 6O2 ~> 6CO2 + 6H2O and equation of Respiration is 6CO2 + 6H2O ~> C6H12O6 + 6O2. The principal difference, however, between photosynthesis and respiration is that photosynthesis utilizes carbon dioxide and water in the presence of … Photosynthesis: Carbohydrates are synthesized during photosynthesis. The potential energy is converted into the kinetic energy. 3. Photosynthesis: Photosynthesis is the production of glucose … Only two ATPs are produced per glucose molecule in fermentation. Oxidative phosphorylation, which is the third stage of cellular respiration occurs in the mitochondrial cristae by the enzyme ATP synthase, producing 30ATPs. Photosynthesis converts light energy into chemical energy, and stores it in sugar. Glycolysis which occur in the cell cytoplasm. During photosynthesis, carbon dioxide and water are used in the synthesis of organic compounds with the aid of sunlight. Here the glucose and oxygen are converted to carbon dioxide and water, and thus energy (ATP) is released. Cellular Respiration: Oxygen is utilized and carbon dioxide and water are released during cellular respiration. Photosynthesis takes place in light (day) only. Oxygenic photosynthesis and anoxygenic photosynthesis are the two types of photosynthesis found on earth. Your email address will not be published. The first stage of photosynthesis is the light reaction. Cellular respiration takes place in the mitochondria of cells. 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The chemical reaction of cellular respiration is shown below. Cellular respiration involves aerobic (glycolysis) and anaerobic respiration. Cellular respiration uses glucose and oxygen to produce carbon dioxide and water. Aerobic respiration and anaerobic respiration are the two types of respiration found on earth. View Difference Between Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration.docx from BIO 33 at St. John's University. This process is occurring during cellular respiration and photosynthesis. 2. Difference Between Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration Presence. Cellular Respiration: Pigments are not involved in cellular respiration. Photosynthesis and cellular respiration are in many respects the “reverse” of one another. Chlorophyll is green because the light required for photosynthesis is red and blue light, leaving green light to be reflected back to our eyes. 5. Examining Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration Introduction- In Lab 4, the purpose was to examine the process of photosynthesis and cellular respiration and understand the correlation between … 4. This creates a sugar chain and six units of oxygen. Let us explore more differences between cellular respiration and photosynthesis Photosynthesis: Chlorophyll is the main type of pigment involving in photosynthesis. The light is absorbed by photosystem I and II, which are the two protein complexes found in thylakoid membrane, and the absorbed light is transferred to photocenters. Another difference between photosynthesis and cellular respiration is that the first is an endothermic reaction, while the second is exothermic. Pigments like chlorophyll, carotenoids and phycobilins are used to trap the light energy. In plants, photosynthesis occurs in specialized plastids called chloroplasts that are found in the cytoplasm of photosynthetic cells. 1- In what way does the energy involved with photosynthesis differ from the energy involved The second stage of photosynthesis is the dark reaction, where the NADPH and ATP produced in light reaction are used as the energy sources to synthesize glucose. Dark reaction is also called the Calvin cycle. In thylakoid membrane of grana, photocenters are found, organizing the photosynthetic pigments in them. Please update your bookmarks accordingly. Difference Between Cellular Respiration and Photosynthesis. Cellular Respiration: Cellular respiration is the process which converts the biochemical energy into energy in ATP, eliminating carbon dioxide and water as waste products. To conclude this post, it is evident that this photosynthesis vs cellular respiration comparison shows how these two contradict each other with the same results. Photosynthesis and cellular respiration are in many respects the “reverse” of one another. During photosynthesis, glucose is produced from carbon dioxide and water using the energy from sunlight. Cellular Respiration: Energy is liberated during cellular respiration. Photosynthesis occurs only in plants containing chlorophyll. Hence photosynthesis is an endothermic process. The chemical formula for the process requires six molecules of carbon dioxide and six molecules of water plus the energy from light. The process of photosynthesis is shown in figure 2. In the cellular respiration oxidative phosphorylation occurs. One glucose molecule contains energy sufficient to produce 30 ATPs by oxidative phosphorylation. Light energy is converted into potential energy. The 18 ATPs are used by the Calvin cycle itself. A "difference between" reference site. The citric acid cycle is the second stage of cellular respiration, which is also called Krebs cycle. Photosynthesis and cellular respiration are the main two metabolic processes that occur in organisms, driving all the cellular processes in the body. Home » Science » Biology » Cell Biology » Difference Between Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration. 10 Difference between Cellular Respiration and Photosynthesis Respiration is a complex process which includes absorption of oxygen, conversion of complex substance like carbohydrates to carbon dioxide and water with release of energy as ATP to drive all cellular activities and as a … Covers relationship between cellular respiration and photosynthesis. 1. What is the relationship between photosynthesis and cellular respiration?Photosynthesis and cellular respiration are opposite equations. The end products of respiration are carbon dioxide and water. Cellular respiration takes place in mitochondria while photosynthesis in the chloroplast of green plants. Photosynthesis: Examining Photosynthesis And Cellular Respiration. Photosynthesis: Dry weight of the plant is increased during photosynthesis. 1. What is the Difference Between Flow Cytometry and... What is the Difference Between Active Transport and... What is the Difference Between Telophase and... What is the Difference Between a Tetrad and a... What is the Difference Between Cristae and Cisternae, What is the Difference Between Comet and Meteor, What is the Difference Between Bacon and Ham, What is the Difference Between Asteroid and Meteorite, What is the Difference Between Seltzer and Club Soda, What is the Difference Between Soda Water and Sparkling Water, What is the Difference Between Corduroy and Velvet. At the to… Photosynthesis vs Respiration In many respects, photosynthesis and cell respiration are complementary reactions within the environment The products of photosynthesis function as the inputs of cell respiration (oxygen and glucose) The products of cell respiration function as the inputs of photosynthesis (carbon dioxide and water) Photosynthesis: Chemical energy is stored in the bonds of forming organic compounds. The process of cellular respiration is shown in figure 4. Processes in photosynthesis are divided on basis of requirement of sunlight while respiration processes are divided on basis of requirement of oxygen. In 3-5 sentences, argue which one of these two processes is used at certain times of day by plants. ADVERTISEMENTS: The upcoming discussion will update you about the differences between respiration and photosynthesis. Hence, cellular respiration is an exothermic process. Photosynthesis takes place in two stages of the light reactions and the dark reactions. Web. It is an endothermic process, as energy is stored or utilised. Photosynthesis: Light reaction, dark reaction, and photolysis are the three steps in photosynthesis. “CellRespiration”By RegisFrey – Own work (CC BY-SA 3.0) via Commons Wikimedia, Lakna, a graduate in Molecular Biology & Biochemistry, is a Molecular Biologist and has a broad and keen interest in the discovery of nature related things, Difference Between Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration, 3. Other than glucose, 18 ATP and 12 NADPH are produced during the Calvin cycle. “Photosynthesis” By Cykl_Calvina.svg: PisumThylakoid_membrane.svg: YikrazuulThylakoide.png: Tameeria pour la version anglaise, Pascal Corpet pour la traductionderivative work: Marek M (talk) – Cykl_Calvina.svgThylakoid_membrane.svgThylakoide.png (CC BY-SA 3.0) via Commons Wikimedia3. Respiration: 1. 04 Apr. This is glucose, which can then be modified and combined with other glucose molecules to be stored as starches and complex sugars like fructose. Oxygen gas is liberated during photosynthesis, which can be used in cellular respiration. Comparison Chart. One method of how animals derive this energy is through the process of cellular respiration. The process where energy is produced for the cell to do work is known as. The key difference between photosynthesis and cellular respiration is that photosynthesis utilizes carbon dioxide and water to produce glucose and oxygen while cellular respiration utilizes glucose and oxygen to produce energy, carbon dioxide, and water. It is an exothermic reaction, as energy is released during this process. Photosynthesis occurs in the leaves of plants with li… To do this, the chloroplasts will combine units of carbon dioxide into chains of 6 carbons, 12 hydrogens, and 6 oxygens. Thereby, in anoxygenic photosynthesis, oxygen gas is not liberated as a by-product. U.S. National Library of Medicine, 01 Jan. 1970. 2017. Image Courtesy:1. This process occurs in the chloroplasts, using chlorophyll. The chloroplast uses the energy harnessed from these photons and their interaction with the cytochromes and other proteins to drive the formation of glucose. Dark reaction occurs in the stroma. Cellular Respiration: Dry weight of the organism is decreased during cellular respiration. While one is a forward event that seeks to capture, the other is a backward process that seeks to release. Plants, algae, and cyanobacteria carry out oxygenic photosynthesis while purple sulfur bacteria and green sulfur bacteria carry out anoxygenic photosynthesis. also read the difference between virus and bacteria. The light reaction which occurs in grana of the chloroplast. Let us explore more differences between cellular respiration and photosynthesis Photosynthesis is an anabolic process, whereas cellular respiration is a catabolic process. The 12 NADPH contain 24 electrons that are transported into the electron transport chain, which is the third stage of photosynthesis. Lactic acid fermentation in muscle cells and ethanol fermentation in yeast are the two types of fermentation found among organisms. The electron donor in oxygenic photosynthesis is water whereas the electron donor in anoxygenic photosynthesis is a variant like hydrogen sulfide rather than water. During Krebs cycle, carbon dioxide is eliminated as a waste, while reducing NAD into NADH. Cellular Respiration: Cellular respiration occurs in the matrix and the inner membrane of mitochondria and cytoplasm in eukaryotes. Furthermore, respiration occurs in all living organisms but photosynthesis occurs only in plants, algae and cyanobacteria. Also, in photosynthesis, the sun’s light energy is first converted into chemical energy and is then stored in glucose bonds. Carbon dioxide and water is produced as waste during cellular respiration. It takes place in all the living cells of plant. In eukaryotes, cellular respiration occurs in specialized organelles called mitochondria. During the light reaction, oxygen gas is produced by splitting water while producing NADP and ATP. “Energy and life” By Mikael Häggström – All images are of Public Domain license.File:Pikilia.JPG (Public Domain) via Commons Wikimedia4. Photosynthesis: Photophosphorylation occurs during photosynthesis. Hence in photosynthesis you have the light dependent reactions and the dark reactions while in respiration there is aerobic respiration and anaerobic respiration. Key Differences In photosynthesis, energy is provided by photons while in cellular respiration, energy in provided by the catabolic processes. Utilizes oxygen and carbohydrates. U.S. National Library of Medicine, 01 Jan. 1970. Therefore, the main difference between photosynthesis and cellular respiration is their contribution in the metabolism of a cell. Plants perform both photosynthesis and respiration, while animals can only perform respiration. Photosynthesis: NADP is the coenzyme used in photosynthesis. The green pigment called chlorophyll is responsible for this conversion process. In the presence of oxygen, pyruvate combines with oxaloacetate (C4) in order to form citrate (C6), eliminating acetyl-CoA during the citric acid cycle. The living cell, as well in green and non-green plants. Photosynthetic organisms contain special pigments like chlorophyll and carotenoids in order to trap the light. On the contrary, photosynthesis occurs in green plants, which contain chlorophyll and uses sunlight and water to convert it into energy. The […] Stored food like carbohydrates, fats and proteins in organisms are used in the form of glucose by cellular respiration. Start studying Differences Between Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration. Photosynthesis only occurs in chlorophyllous organisms. Oxygen gas is a by-product of photosynthesis. Cellular Respiration: Cellular respiration occurs in both light and dark. During glycolysis, glucose (C6) is broken down into two pyruvate (C3) molecules in the cytoplasm. Cellular Respiration: Oxidative phosphorylation occurs during cellular respiration. Photosynthesis: Carbon dioxide and water are utilized and oxygen is released during photosynthesis. Photosynthesis: Final electron acceptor is water. What is the difference between Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration. The key difference between respiration and photosynthesis is that respiration burns food and produces energy while photosynthesis produces foods by capturing the sunlight. Photosynthesis used two electron transport chains while cellular respiration uses one electron transport chain. The generating high energy electrons are transferred into the third protein complex, cytochrome bf complex. Photosynthesis occurs in thylakoid membrane and stroma regions of chloroplasts. Difference Between Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration Main Difference. ATP is a key molecule in each. Cellular respiration occurs in light (day) as well as in the dark (night). We have moved all content for this concept to for better organization. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. The high energy electrons in PSI is transferred into a series of ferrodoxin carriers and ultimately, these electrons are transferred into NADP+ by NADPH reductase enzyme, forming NADP. ATP powers almost all the cellular processes in the cell. Photosynthesis: Photosynthesis occurs in thylakoid membrane and stroma of chloroplasts in plants. Photosynthesis and cellular respiration are two basic metabolic processes occurring in the energy conversion of ecosystems. This organic compounds can be used by cells as food. In other words, we can say that they are the similar sort of reactions occurring in reverse. In aerobic respiration, the oxidizing agent or the final electron acceptor is molecular oxygen. The differences between photosynthesis vs. cellular respiration include the stages and processes involved, reactants, cell organelles, and chemical reactions. Photosynthesis involves the use of energy from sunlight, water and carbon dioxide to produce glucose and oxygen. Photosynthesis is the production of glucose from carbon dioxide and water by obtaining energy from sunlight. Plants perform photosynthesis to create their own food source and use cellular respiration to unlock the energy from that food. Anaerobic respiration occurs in hydrothermal vents in the deep sea. 2nd edition. Photosynthesis: Photosynthesis is the production of glucose from carbon dioxide and water by obtaining energy from sunlight. Cellular Respiration: NAD and FAD are the coenzymes used in cellular respiration. Cellular Respiration: Carbohydrates are used during cellular respiration. 03 Apr. G-3-P is formed in both processes-In Glycolysis (cell respiration) and in Calvin cycle (photosynthesis). Cellular Respiration: During cellular respiration, potential energy is converted into kinetic energy. Berg, Jeremy M. “The Citric Acid Cycle.” Biochemistry. U.S. National Library of Medicine, 01 Jan. 1970. 04 Apr. During respiration, food is oxidized in order to obtain the potential energy stored in the form of ATP. Cellular Respiration: Cellular respiration is found in all the cells on earth. What is the Cellular Respiration and Photosynthesis Equation? Subsequently, glucose provides the metabolic energy to all cellular processes in the cell. Also, in order for cellular respiration to occur, the presence of catalysts is not necessary; as it happens in the case of photosynthesis where the reaction only occurs in the presence of chlorophyll. Photosynthesis occurs in two stages such as light stage and dark stage while cell respiration occurs in four stages as Glycolysis, Pyruvate Oxidation, Krebs cycle, and Electron Transport Chain. Two pyruvate molecules are then imported into mitochondria. In contrast, cellular respiration occurs in all living forms on earth. Cellular Respiration: Glycolysis, Citric acid cycle and electron transport chain are the three steps in cellular respiration. In prokaryotes, it occurs in the cytoplasm itself. It occurs in all the organisms living on earth. What is Cellular Respiration      – Definition, Characteristics, Types, Process 3. Oxygen and carbohydrates are absorbed in the process. During cellular respiration, energy in the form of ATP is produced by breaking down food. This process of electron transportation is called photophosphorylation. The chemical reactions of both oxygenic and anoxygenic photosynthesis are shown below. Cellular respiration is the process which converts the biochemical energy into energy in ATP, eliminating carbon dioxide and water as waste products. Cellular Respiration vs Photosynthesis. The first stage of cellular respiration is the glycolysis. The energy is in the form of glucose or chemical energy, which is used during the dark reaction. Reference:Cooper, Geoffrey M. “Photosynthesis.” The Cell: A Molecular Approach. Privacy. 2. ATP is the main purpose for cellular respirationwhereas for photosynthesis, ATP is only needed in order to create glucose. While photosynthesis requires energy and produces food, cellular respiration breaks down food and releases energy. The energy which is released is in the form of ATP is used in various metabolic activities. Some differences between photosynthesis and respiration are that photosynthesis only happens in sunlight while respiration happens constantly … What is Photosynthesis       – Definition, Characteristics, Types, Process 2. All living things require a constant supply of energy in order to survive. Web. 1. The process of using the sunlight and water to convert it into energy is called as photosynthesis, which is specially performed by the green plants and few bacteria. This video compares and contrasts Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration. Fermentation is also a kind of anaerobic respiration, which occurs when pyruvate is metabolized in the cytoplasm without oxygen. Cellular Respiration: Cellular respiration is a catabolic process, which degrades organic compounds. “Photosynthesis Images” By Masroor.nida.ns – Own work (CC BY-SA 4.0) via Commons Wikimedia2. What is the difference between Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration. Chemiosmotic Theory states that Electron transport and ATP synthesis are coupled by a proton gradient across the inner mitochondrial membrane. 2nd edition. 2017. Cooper, Geoffrey M. “Metabolic Energy.” The Cell: A Molecular Approach. ADVERTISEMENTS: 3. Conversely, in cellular respiration, the … Lets see some of the similarities between cell respiration and photosynthesis here on this page: Similarities between Cell Respiration and Photosynthesis. Cellular Respiration: Energy is liberated in the form of ATP, which can be utilized by other cellular processes. Therefore, during photosynthesis, light energy is converted into potential chemical energy. Photosynthesis is an anabolic process, whereas cellular respiration is a catabolic process. Photosynthesis cannot occur without cellular respiration and cellular respiration certainly cannot occur without the photosynthesis. Cellular Respiration: Final electron acceptor is molecular oxygen. Photosynthesis: Photosynthesis only occurs in light. Web. Respiration and Photosynthesis are two of the processes, which revolve around the concepts of storage of energy and release of energy. During anaerobic respiration, the final electron acceptor is either inorganic sulfates or nitrates. The relationship between photosynthesis and cellular respiration is such that the products of one system are the reactants of the other. On the other hand, in cellular respiration, oxygen and Glucose release water and carbon dioxide as by-products. It has the highest contribution in producing food for all the living forms on earth. Photosynthesis is an endothermic process (requires energy), while cellular respiration is an exothermic (energy-releasing) process. The main difference between photosynthesis and cellular respiration is that photosynthesis is an anabolic process, where the synthesis of organic compounds occurs, storing energy whereas cellular respiration is a catabolic process, where the stored organic compounds are utilized, producing energy. Photosynthesis: Photosynthesis is an anabolic process, which synthesizes complex organic compounds. Photosynthesis: Energy is stored during photosynthesis. Cellular respiration takes place in all living organisms in mitochondria, whereas photosynthesis occurs only in plants containing chlorophyll. Key differences between Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration Photosynthesis releases oxygen and other organic compounds, while cellular respiration releases carbon dioxide and water. 1. Cellular respiration occurs in the matrix, inner membrane of mitochondria and cytoplasm as well. Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration Equation are as follow. Cellular respiration takes place in the every living organisms, as it is the simple process of converting oxygen and glucose into carbon dioxide and water and ultimately producing energy for the cells of the body. Difference Between Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration: Conclusion. Photosynthesis: Photosynthesis is found only in chlorophyllous cells. Definition. Out oxygenic photosynthesis is found in all living forms on earth photosynthesis used two electron chain... Are two of the processes, which contain chlorophyll and carotenoids in order to the. Photosynthesis in the mitochondrial cristae by the Krebs cycle, while animals only! 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