In the cellular respiration oxidative phosphorylation occurs. The chemical reactions of both oxygenic and anoxygenic photosynthesis are shown below. This process of electron transportation is called photophosphorylation. Also, in order for cellular respiration to occur, the presence of catalysts is not necessary; as it happens in the case of photosynthesis where the reaction only occurs in the presence of chlorophyll. The green pigment called chlorophyll is responsible for this conversion process. Two pyruvate molecules are then imported into mitochondria. In prokaryotes, it occurs in the cytoplasm itself. Cellular respiration is the process of converting energy and providing it to the different cells of the body. Respiration and Photosynthesis are two of the processes, which revolve around the concepts of storage of energy and release of energy. Cellular Respiration: Cellular respiration occurs in the matrix and the inner membrane of mitochondria and cytoplasm in eukaryotes. At the to… Only two ATPs are produced per glucose molecule in fermentation. Cellular Respiration: Cellular respiration is a catabolic process, which degrades organic compounds. Aerobic respiration and anaerobic respiration are the two types of respiration found on earth. Photosynthesis occurs in thylakoid membrane and stroma regions of chloroplasts. 1. These are the two reciprocal process, with the same aim of obtaining energy but by using different … The chemical reaction of cellular respiration is shown below. 2nd edition. What is the difference between Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration. Examining Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration Introduction- In Lab 4, the purpose was to examine the process of photosynthesis and cellular respiration and understand the correlation between … U.S. National Library of Medicine, 01 Jan. 1970. Utilizes oxygen and carbohydrates. 04 Apr. ADVERTISEMENTS: 3. Cellular respiration occurs in light (day) as well as in the dark (night). Image Courtesy:1. Web. Photosynthesis: Energy is stored during photosynthesis. In aerobic respiration, the oxidizing agent or the final electron acceptor is molecular oxygen. Cellular Respiration: Oxidative phosphorylation occurs during cellular respiration. This process occurs in the chloroplasts, using chlorophyll. The main difference between photosynthesis and cellular respiration is that photosynthesis is an anabolic process, where the synthesis of organic compounds occurs, storing energy whereas cellular respiration is a catabolic process, where the stored organic compounds are utilized, producing energy. Another difference between photosynthesis and cellular respiration is that the first is an endothermic reaction, while the second is exothermic. It is an endothermic process, as energy is stored or utilised. It is an exothermic reaction, as energy is released during this process. Photosynthesis occurs in two stages such as light stage and dark stage while cell respiration occurs in four stages as Glycolysis, Pyruvate Oxidation, Krebs cycle, and Electron Transport Chain. Photosynthesis: Dry weight of the plant is increased during photosynthesis. During cellular respiration, energy in the form of ATP is produced by breaking down food. To do this, the chloroplasts will combine units of carbon dioxide into chains of 6 carbons, 12 hydrogens, and 6 oxygens. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. What is Cellular Respiration      – Definition, Characteristics, Types, Process 3. “Photosynthesis Images” By Masroor.nida.ns – Own work (CC BY-SA 4.0) via Commons Wikimedia2. Pigments like chlorophyll, carotenoids and phycobilins are used to trap the light energy. 1. All living things require a constant supply of energy in order to survive. Lactic acid fermentation in muscle cells and ethanol fermentation in yeast are the two types of fermentation found among organisms. 5th edition. 10 Difference between Cellular Respiration and Photosynthesis Respiration is a complex process which includes absorption of oxygen, conversion of complex substance like carbohydrates to carbon dioxide and water with release of energy as ATP to drive all cellular activities and as a … The electron donor in oxygenic photosynthesis is water whereas the electron donor in anoxygenic photosynthesis is a variant like hydrogen sulfide rather than water. “Energy and life” By Mikael Häggström – All images are of Public Domain license.File:Pikilia.JPG (Public Domain) via Commons Wikimedia4. 2. During respiration, food is oxidized in order to obtain the potential energy stored in the form of ATP. Photosynthesis takes place in two stages of the light reactions and the dark reactions. Cellular Respiration: Dry weight of the organism is decreased during cellular respiration. Home » Science » Biology » Cell Biology » Difference Between Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration. U.S. National Library of Medicine, 01 Jan. 1970. A "difference between" reference site. Cellular Respiration: Glycolysis, Citric acid cycle and electron transport chain are the three steps in cellular respiration. Cellular Respiration: Final electron acceptor is molecular oxygen. The end products of respiration are carbon dioxide and water. What is Photosynthesis       – Definition, Characteristics, Types, Process 2. Photosynthesis: Photosynthesis only occurs in light. The process of photosynthesis is shown in figure 2. “CellRespiration”By RegisFrey – Own work (CC BY-SA 3.0) via Commons Wikimedia, Lakna, a graduate in Molecular Biology & Biochemistry, is a Molecular Biologist and has a broad and keen interest in the discovery of nature related things, Difference Between Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration, 3. The differences between photosynthesis vs. cellular respiration include the stages and processes involved, reactants, cell organelles, and chemical reactions. Processes in photosynthesis are divided on basis of requirement of sunlight while respiration processes are divided on basis of requirement of oxygen. Photosynthesis: Carbon dioxide and water are utilized and oxygen is released during photosynthesis. Photosynthesis: Examining Photosynthesis And Cellular Respiration. Anaerobic respiration occurs in hydrothermal vents in the deep sea. Cellular respiration is the process which converts the biochemical energy into energy in ATP, eliminating carbon dioxide and water as waste products. Oxygenic photosynthesis and anoxygenic photosynthesis are the two types of photosynthesis found on earth. 1. Hence in photosynthesis you have the light dependent reactions and the dark reactions while in respiration there is aerobic respiration and anaerobic respiration. This process is occurring during cellular respiration and photosynthesis. Carbon dioxide and water is produced as waste during cellular respiration. Photosynthesis only occurs in chlorophyllous organisms. During photosynthesis, carbon dioxide and water are used in the synthesis of organic compounds with the aid of sunlight. Photosynthesis is an anabolic process, whereas cellular respiration is a catabolic process. The relationship between photosynthesis and cellular respiration is such that the products of one system are the reactants of the other. Difference Between Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration Main Difference. Cellular respiration takes place in the every living organisms, as it is the simple process of converting oxygen and glucose into carbon dioxide and water and ultimately producing energy for the cells of the body. Photosynthesis vs Respiration In many respects, photosynthesis and cell respiration are complementary reactions within the environment The products of photosynthesis function as the inputs of cell respiration (oxygen and glucose) The products of cell respiration function as the inputs of photosynthesis (carbon dioxide and water) 4. Plants perform photosynthesis to create their own food source and use cellular respiration to unlock the energy from that food. During glycolysis, glucose (C6) is broken down into two pyruvate (C3) molecules in the cytoplasm. One method of how animals derive this energy is through the process of cellular respiration. On the contrary, photosynthesis occurs in green plants, which contain chlorophyll and uses sunlight and water to convert it into energy. While one is a forward event that seeks to capture, the other is a backward process that seeks to release. 03 Apr. The potential energy is converted into the kinetic energy. 1- In what way does the energy involved with photosynthesis differ from the energy involved Photosynthesis and cellular respiration are the main two metabolic processes that occur in organisms, driving all the cellular processes in the body. In contrast, cellular respiration occurs in all living forms on earth. Therefore, during photosynthesis, light energy is converted into potential chemical energy. Light energy is converted into potential energy. Cellular Respiration: Cellular respiration occurs in both light and dark. It occurs in all the organisms living on earth. Photosynthesis: Photosynthesis is found only in chlorophyllous cells. Photosynthesis: Photosynthesis is an anabolic process, which synthesizes complex organic compounds. 3. Photosynthesis cannot occur without cellular respiration and cellular respiration certainly cannot occur without the photosynthesis. Web. What is the difference between Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration. Photosynthetic organisms contain special pigments like chlorophyll and carotenoids in order to trap the light. Privacy. Photosynthesis converts light energy into chemical energy, and stores it in sugar. The 18 ATPs are used by the Calvin cycle itself. Comparison Chart. G-3-P is formed in both processes-In Glycolysis (cell respiration) and in Calvin cycle (photosynthesis). ATP is a key molecule in each. Photosynthesis is the production of glucose from carbon dioxide and water by obtaining energy from sunlight. Photosynthesis occurs only in plants containing chlorophyll. Let us explore more differences between cellular respiration and photosynthesis To conclude this post, it is evident that this photosynthesis vs cellular respiration comparison shows how these two contradict each other with the same results. Cellular respiration uses glucose and oxygen to produce carbon dioxide and water. Furthermore, respiration occurs in all living organisms but photosynthesis occurs only in plants, algae and cyanobacteria. The living cell, as well in green and non-green plants. ADVERTISEMENTS: The upcoming discussion will update you about the differences between respiration and photosynthesis. Thereby, in anoxygenic photosynthesis, oxygen gas is not liberated as a by-product. Web. Chlorophyll is green because the light required for photosynthesis is red and blue light, leaving green light to be reflected back to our eyes. In 3-5 sentences, argue which one of these two processes is used at certain times of day by plants. Key Differences In photosynthesis, energy is provided by photons while in cellular respiration, energy in provided by the catabolic processes. Conversely, in cellular respiration, the … The 12 NADPH contain 24 electrons that are transported into the electron transport chain, which is the third stage of photosynthesis. During the light reaction, oxygen gas is produced by splitting water while producing NADP and ATP. The first stage of photosynthesis is the light reaction. This video compares and contrasts Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration. Berg, Jeremy M. “The Citric Acid Cycle.” Biochemistry. Photosynthesis: Chemical energy is stored in the bonds of forming organic compounds. The second stage of photosynthesis is the dark reaction, where the NADPH and ATP produced in light reaction are used as the energy sources to synthesize glucose. While photosynthesis requires energy and produces food, cellular respiration breaks down food and releases energy. The principal difference, however, between photosynthesis and respiration is that photosynthesis utilizes carbon dioxide and water in the presence of … The key difference between respiration and photosynthesis is that respiration burns food and produces energy while photosynthesis produces foods by capturing the sunlight. Energy is the basic source an individual needs for the survival of life. Photosynthesis: Photosynthesis is the production of glucose … ATP synthase enzyme on the thylakoid membrane transfers the 24 electrons into 12 water molecules, producing 6 oxygen molecules. ATP is the main purpose for cellular respirationwhereas for photosynthesis, ATP is only needed in order to create glucose. Cellular Respiration: Energy is liberated during cellular respiration. Equation of Photosynthesis is C6H12O6 + 6O2 ~> 6CO2 + 6H2O and equation of Respiration is 6CO2 + 6H2O ~> C6H12O6 + 6O2. Difference Between Cellular Respiration and Photosynthesis. Photosynthesis: Chlorophyll is the main type of pigment involving in photosynthesis. Cellular Respiration: NAD and FAD are the coenzymes used in cellular respiration. Photosynthesis: Photosynthesis occurs in thylakoid membrane and stroma of chloroplasts in plants. Cellular respiration takes place in mitochondria while photosynthesis in the chloroplast of green plants. Cellular Respiration vs Photosynthesis. In eukaryotes, cellular respiration occurs in specialized organelles called mitochondria. What is the Cellular Respiration and Photosynthesis Equation? 6NADH, 2FADH2 and 2ATPs per one glucose molecule are produced by the Krebs cycle. Oxidative phosphorylation, which is the third stage of cellular respiration occurs in the mitochondrial cristae by the enzyme ATP synthase, producing 30ATPs. One glucose molecule contains energy sufficient to produce 30 ATPs by oxidative phosphorylation. During photosynthesis, glucose is produced from carbon dioxide and water using the energy from sunlight. “Photosynthesis” By Cykl_Calvina.svg: PisumThylakoid_membrane.svg: YikrazuulThylakoide.png: Tameeria pour la version anglaise, Pascal Corpet pour la traductionderivative work: Marek M (talk) – Cykl_Calvina.svgThylakoid_membrane.svgThylakoide.png (CC BY-SA 3.0) via Commons Wikimedia3. Cellular Respiration: Cellular respiration is the process which converts the biochemical energy into energy in ATP, eliminating carbon dioxide and water as waste products. Your email address will not be published. Oxygen gas is liberated during photosynthesis, which can be used in cellular respiration. Respiration: 1. 2. Key differences between Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration Photosynthesis releases oxygen and other organic compounds, while cellular respiration releases carbon dioxide and water. Also, in photosynthesis, the sun’s light energy is first converted into chemical energy and is then stored in glucose bonds. Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration Equation are as follow. The light reaction which occurs in grana of the chloroplast. Hence photosynthesis is an endothermic process. Photosynthesis is an endothermic process (requires energy), while cellular respiration is an exothermic (energy-releasing) process. 5. 04 Apr. 2nd edition. This catabolic process continues throughout the day and night. Photosynthesis is an anabolic process, whereas cellular respiration is a catabolic process. Photosynthesis: During photosynthesis, light energy is converted into potential energy. This creates a sugar chain and six units of oxygen. Cellular Respiration: Oxygen is utilized and carbon dioxide and water are released during cellular respiration. Photosynthesis and cellular respiration are in many respects the “reverse” of one another. Some differences between photosynthesis and respiration are that photosynthesis only happens in sunlight while respiration happens constantly … Photosynthesis: Photosynthesis is found only in chlorophyllous cells. Therefore, the main difference between photosynthesis and cellular respiration is their contribution in the metabolism of a cell. ATP powers almost all the cellular processes in the cell. Let us explore more differences between cellular respiration and photosynthesis Photosynthesis: Light reaction, dark reaction, and photolysis are the three steps in photosynthesis. Photosynthesis and cellular respiration are two basic metabolic processes occurring in the energy conversion of ecosystems. In plants, photosynthesis occurs in specialized plastids called chloroplasts that are found in the cytoplasm of photosynthetic cells. In the presence of oxygen, pyruvate combines with oxaloacetate (C4) in order to form citrate (C6), eliminating acetyl-CoA during the citric acid cycle. Cellular Respiration: Cellular respiration is found in all the cells on earth. Subsequently, glucose provides the metabolic energy to all cellular processes in the cell. Plants perform both photosynthesis and respiration, while animals can only perform respiration. Main Difference. During anaerobic respiration, the final electron acceptor is either inorganic sulfates or nitrates. What is the relationship between photosynthesis and cellular respiration?Photosynthesis and cellular respiration are opposite equations. Glycolysis which occur in the cell cytoplasm. Photosynthesis: NADP is the coenzyme used in photosynthesis. The chemical formula for the process requires six molecules of carbon dioxide and six molecules of water plus the energy from light. Other than glucose, 18 ATP and 12 NADPH are produced during the Calvin cycle. Cellular respiration takes place in the mitochondria of cells. The energy is in the form of glucose or chemical energy, which is used during the dark reaction. We have moved all content for this concept to for better organization. Oxygen and carbohydrates are absorbed in the process. This organic compounds can be used by cells as food. Photosynthesis: Photophosphorylation occurs during photosynthesis. The chloroplast uses the energy harnessed from these photons and their interaction with the cytochromes and other proteins to drive the formation of glucose. Dark reaction is also called the Calvin cycle. View Difference Between Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration.docx from BIO 33 at St. John's University. Oxygen gas is a by-product of photosynthesis. The energy which is released is in the form of ATP is used in various metabolic activities. Photosynthesis: Carbohydrates are synthesized during photosynthesis. It has the highest contribution in producing food for all the living forms on earth. The light is absorbed by photosystem I and II, which are the two protein complexes found in thylakoid membrane, and the absorbed light is transferred to photocenters. The high energy electrons in PSI is transferred into a series of ferrodoxin carriers and ultimately, these electrons are transferred into NADP+ by NADPH reductase enzyme, forming NADP. It takes place in all the living cells of plant. Difference Between Mitochondria and Chloroplast, Difference Between Heterotrophs and Autotrophs, Difference Between Photosystem I and Photosystem II, Difference Between Breathing and Respiration, Difference Between Aerobic and Anaerobic Respiration, Difference Between Prokaryotic Cells and Eukaryotic Cells, Difference Between Parenchyma, Collenchyma and Sclerenchyma Cells, Difference Between Biodegradable and Non-Biodegradable Substances, Difference Between C3, C4 and CAM pathway, Difference Between Cellular Respiration and Photosynthesis, Difference Between Mixtures and Compounds, Difference Between Afferent and Efferent Neurons, Difference Between Scavenger and Decomposer, Difference Between Binary and Multiple Fission, Difference Between Bioreactor and Fermenter, Difference Between Kwashiorkor and Marasmus, Difference Between Molecules and Compounds, Difference Between Hydroponics and Aquaponics, Difference Between Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) and Compressed Natural Gas (CNG). Chemiosmotic Theory states that Electron transport and ATP synthesis are coupled by a proton gradient across the inner mitochondrial membrane. Photosynthesis: Photosynthesis is the production of glucose from carbon dioxide and water by obtaining energy from sunlight. On the other hand, in cellular respiration, oxygen and Glucose release water and carbon dioxide as by-products. Fermentation is also a kind of anaerobic respiration, which occurs when pyruvate is metabolized in the cytoplasm without oxygen. Stored food like carbohydrates, fats and proteins in organisms are used in the form of glucose by cellular respiration. During Krebs cycle, carbon dioxide is eliminated as a waste, while reducing NAD into NADH. Cellular Respiration: Carbohydrates are used during cellular respiration. The key difference between photosynthesis and cellular respiration is that photosynthesis utilizes carbon dioxide and water to produce glucose and oxygen while cellular respiration utilizes glucose and oxygen to produce energy, carbon dioxide, and water. Cellular Respiration: Pigments are not involved in cellular respiration. Hence, cellular respiration is an exothermic process. Photosynthesis takes place in light (day) only. Definition. Reference:Cooper, Geoffrey M. “Photosynthesis.” The Cell: A Molecular Approach. Photosynthesis and cellular respiration are in many respects the “reverse” of one another. The citric acid cycle is the second stage of cellular respiration, which is also called Krebs cycle. 2017. Cooper, Geoffrey M. “Metabolic Energy.” The Cell: A Molecular Approach. also read the difference between virus and bacteria. Difference Between Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration Presence. Cellular respiration takes place in all living organisms in mitochondria, whereas photosynthesis occurs only in plants containing chlorophyll. Lets see some of the similarities between cell respiration and photosynthesis here on this page: Similarities between Cell Respiration and Photosynthesis. U.S. National Library of Medicine, 01 Jan. 1970. The first stage of cellular respiration is the glycolysis. The process of cellular respiration is shown in figure 4. Please update your bookmarks accordingly. 2017. Here the glucose and oxygen are converted to carbon dioxide and water, and thus energy (ATP) is released. Photosynthesis: Final electron acceptor is water. Start studying Differences Between Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration. Cellular respiration involves aerobic (glycolysis) and anaerobic respiration. Photosynthesis occurs in the leaves of plants with li… Covers relationship between cellular respiration and photosynthesis. This is glucose, which can then be modified and combined with other glucose molecules to be stored as starches and complex sugars like fructose. Hence, photosynthetic organisms are found as primary producers in food chains. Cellular Respiration: Energy is liberated in the form of ATP, which can be utilized by other cellular processes. The process of using the sunlight and water to convert it into energy is called as photosynthesis, which is specially performed by the green plants and few bacteria. Dark reaction occurs in the stroma. 2017. Plants, algae, and cyanobacteria carry out oxygenic photosynthesis while purple sulfur bacteria and green sulfur bacteria carry out anoxygenic photosynthesis. In thylakoid membrane of grana, photocenters are found, organizing the photosynthetic pigments in them. In other words, we can say that they are the similar sort of reactions occurring in reverse. 1. What is the Difference Between Flow Cytometry and... What is the Difference Between Active Transport and... What is the Difference Between Telophase and... What is the Difference Between a Tetrad and a... What is the Difference Between Cristae and Cisternae, What is the Difference Between Comet and Meteor, What is the Difference Between Bacon and Ham, What is the Difference Between Asteroid and Meteorite, What is the Difference Between Seltzer and Club Soda, What is the Difference Between Soda Water and Sparkling Water, What is the Difference Between Corduroy and Velvet. Cellular respiration occurs in the matrix, inner membrane of mitochondria and cytoplasm as well. Photosynthesis used two electron transport chains while cellular respiration uses one electron transport chain. The generating high energy electrons are transferred into the third protein complex, cytochrome bf complex. The process where energy is produced for the cell to do work is known as. 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