Ltd., Guwahati, India. Bihu songs and Bihu dance are associated to rongali bihu. Session (2001). "Prior to the thirteenth century the present region was called Kāmarūpa or, alternatively, Prāgjyotiṣapur", Lahiri, Nayanjot., "Ahoms also gave Assam and its language their name (. Every people in the world want’s to be alive or never want to die. Literacy rate of Diphu city is 89.12 % higher than state average of 72.19 %. After initial trial and error with planting the Chinese and the Assamese-Chinese hybrid varieties, the planters later accepted the local Camellia assamica as the most suitable variety for Assam. The language was standardised by American Baptist Missionaries such as Nathan Brown, Dr. All three dynasties claimed descent from Narakasura. With the tropical monsoon climate, Assam is temperate (summer max. The Kaziranga is a refuge for the fast-disappearing Indian one-horned rhinoceros. There are speakers of Tai languages in Assam. Cotton College, Guwahati, dates back to the 19th century. Assam is a producer of crude oil and it accounts for about 15% of India's crude output,[187] exploited by the Assam Oil Company Ltd.,[188] and natural gas in India and is the second place in the world (after Titusville in the United States) where petroleum was discovered. Therefore, the population of Mizoram in 2019 in terms of estimates = 1.6688 Million. [84][85] Christian minorities (3.7%) are found among the Scheduled Tribe and Castes population. Nepali is included by Assam State Secondary Board, Assam Higher Secondary Education Council and Gauhati University in their HSLC, higher secondary and graduation level respectively. The problem is exacerbated by the growth in the number of technical institutes in Assam which increases the unemployed community of the State. (1990). 34.2 per cent of Assam's population is Muslim. Starting from 1836 until 1873, this imposition of a foreign tongue created greater unemployment among the People of Assam and Assamese literature naturally suffered in its growth.[44][45]. Gibbon Books & ASTEC, Guwahati, India, Director of Census Operations, Census of India 2001, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, Learn how and when to remove this template message, under pressure from Bengali speaking people in Cachar, List of colleges affiliated to Gauhati University, List of colleges affiliated to Assam University, List of educational institutions in Assam, Indian Certificate of Secondary Education, Assam Rajiv Gandhi University of Cooperative Management, Krishna Kanta Handique State Open University, Kumar Bhaskar Varma Sanskrit and Ancient Studies University, Mahapurusha Srimanta Sankaradeva Viswavidyalaya, National Law University and Judicial Academy, Assam, Srimanta Sankaradeva University of Health Sciences, Indian Institute of Information Technology, Guwahati, Central Institute of Technology, Kokrajhar, Girijananda Chowdhury Institute of Management and Technology, Girijananda Chowdhury Institute of Management and Technology, Tezpur, NETES Institute of Technology & Science Mirza, Lokpriya Gopinath Bordoloi International Airport, Hindustan Paper Corporation Ltd. The state produces rice, rapeseed, mustard seed, jute, potato, sweet potato, banana, papaya, areca nut, sugarcane and turmeric. Assam has three public service broadcasting service stations at Dibrugarh, Guwahati and Silchar. Xuanzang (7th century CE) mentions that among the Kamarupa king Bhaskaravarma's gifts to Harshavardhana there were paintings and painted objects, some of which were on Assamese silk. Assamese is the official and most commonly spoken language of the state, followed by Bengali, which is official in the Barak Valley and Bodo which is official in Bodoland Territorial Region. Of the total population of Assam state, around 85.90 percent live in the villages of rural areas. It was more shocking than the report of 2001 and 2006 when the year 2011 survey report revealed. Traditionally, Assamese was the language of the common folk in the ancient Kamarupa kingdom and in the medieval kingdoms of Dimasa Kachari, Chutiya Kachari, Borahi Kachari, Ahom and Kamata kingdoms. A population of 42,921 in eight of the 33 districts are currently affected by the floods, though the water level of the Brahmaputra and its tributaries are showing a receding trend, the Assam State Disaster Management Authority (ASDMA) said in its bulletin. Let me tell you that this internal migration is happening due to the greed for natural resources and the convenience of trade in Assam. In Assam, the Kukis mainly reside in the two autonomous districts of Dima Hasao and Karbi Anglong. And today, we have seen the impact of it. [75] In 2001, the census had recorded literacy in Assam at 63.3% with male literacy at 71.3% and female at 54.6%. [52], The mistrust and clashes between Indigenous Assamese people and Bengali Muslims started as early as 1952,[78][79] but is rooted in anti Bengali sentiments of the 1940s. [160] For the past five decades, the tertiary sector has registered the highest growth rates of the other sectors, which even has slowed down in the 1990s than in the 1980s. [158] In the Sixth Plan period, Assam experienced a negative growth rate of 3.78% when India's was positive at 6%. And when they migrate they bring all of the elements with themselves. (1997)The check list of the mammals of Assam. Many job-seekers are eligible for jobs in sectors like railways and Oil India but do not get these jobs because of the appointment of candidates from outside of Assam to these posts. But in 2006, it changed dramatically. Later, in 1682, Koch Hajo was entirely annexed by the Ahoms. The following table lists their areas and populations. and is expected to reach 34.18  million by 2021 and 35.60 million by 2026. What Is Sivasagar? The Vaishnava monasteries and many other architectural sites of the late medieval period display the use of lions and dragons for symbolic effects. The population of Ajmer from the time frame of 2014-18 has been listed above and it is noticed that the population has increased by 112,383 in the span of the last 5 years. Many Hindus in Assam are followers of the Ekasarana Dharma sect of Hinduism, which gave rise to Namghar, designed to be simpler places of worship than traditional Hindu temples. Gauhati (Assam) Election 2019: Know Election Results for Gauhati. Districts. Every year, large numbers of students obtain higher academic degrees but because of non-availability of proportional vacancies, most of these students remain unemployed. [citation needed] The industry saw initial growth, when in 1861, investors were allowed to own land in Assam and it saw substantial progress with the invention of new technologies and machinery for preparing processed tea during the 1870s. The region is prone to natural disasters like annual floods and frequent mild earthquakes. The rivalry between the Chutiyas and Ahoms for the supremacy of eastern Assam led to a series of battles between them from the early 16th century until the start of the 17th century, which saw great loss of men and money. Rapid population growth has been creating so many difficulties in Assam. Hence, the population of Mizoram in 2019 according to the estimates is 1.584 Million + 0.0848 Million = 1.6688 Million. Some of these are: Other few yearly celebrations are Doul Utsav of Barpeta, Brahmaputra Beach Festival, Guwahati, Kaziranga Elephant Festival, Kaziranga and Dehing Patkai Festival, Lekhapani, Karbi Youth Festival of Diphu and International Jatinga Festival, Jatinga can not be forgotten. The Dimasa people celebrate their festival by playing musical instruments- khram (a type of drum), muri (a kind of huge long flute). A History of Assam 1926 Calcutta and Shimla Thacker & Co page 232, Barua Gunaviram Assam Buranji or A History of Assam 2008 page117, harvnb error: no target: CITEREFImperial_Gazetteer_of_India_vol._IV1907 (, National Mission on Bamboo Applications 2004, Choudhury, A.U. [113] The India-Pakistan War of 1965 and the accompanying communal rioting and massacres in Bangladesh produced another wave of largely Hindu migration from East Pakistan (Bangladesh) and a there was a third wave during and after the War of Independence that established Bangladeshi independence in 1971, with Assam home to around a thousand camps housing 347,555 refugees, which included persons of all backgrounds fleeing war. The economy of Assam today represents a unique juxtaposition of backwardness amidst plenty. Khorika is the smoked or fire grilled meat eaten with meals. (2000)The birds of Assam. Despite numerous invasions, mostly by the Muslim rulers, no western power ruled Assam until the arrival of the British. There were many other symbolic elements and designs, but are now only found in literature, art, sculpture, architecture, etc. Tej Ram Sharma,1978, "Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions. In actual numbers, males and females were 13,678,989 and 13,128,045 respectively. Despite the commercial success, tea labourers continued to be exploited, working and living under poor conditions. The British tea planters imported labour from central India adding to the demographic canvas. Bridges, railway tracks, and roads are also damaged, harming transportation and communication, and in some years requiring food to be air-dropped to isolated towns. A list of 9 oldest, classified and prominent, and constantly inhabited, recognised urban centres based on the earliest years of formation of the civic bodies, before the Indian independence of 1947 is tabulated below: The state has three autonomous councils. Assam has conserved the one-horned Indian rhinoceros from near extinction, along with the pygmy hog, tiger and numerous species of birds, and it provides one of the last wild habitats for the Asian elephant. In some junior basic and higher secondary schools and colleges, Nepali teachers and lecturers are appointed. That is why, though they can but they don’t want this problem to be solved. Formation of Goalpara Municipality, 1875. Rapid population growth has been creating so many difficulties in Assam. Experts speculate that another significant find at Ambari is Roman era Roman roulette pottery from the 2nd century BCE. [200][201][202][203] Written during the Reign of Ahoms, the Buranjis are notable literary works which are prominently historical manuscripts. Assamese Culture is traditionally a hybrid one developed due to assimilation of ethno-cultural groups of Austric, Dravidian, Tibeto-Burman and Tai origin in the past. With the expansion of Ahom kingdom, by the early 17th century, the Chutiya areas were annexed and since c. 1536 CE the Kacharis remained only in Cachar and North Cachar, and more as an Ahom ally than a competing force. © 2018-2020 allaboutassam | All Rights Reserved, Population Growth In Assam: 7 Major Facts, It is horrible to look at the population growth of the state because in the future this motion will create so many, Therefore in this article, we will try to understand what are the main causes of, In 1972, the West Pakistan Army started torturing East Pakistan’s general public and that is why those occupants started migrating to, Even, their numbers are getting even more than the local residents here, and they are, Therefore, they are not sending them back to their country, even though their government wants them to come back to their own country, Most of the political parties using immigrants’ compulsion for their interest, The Greed of Natural Recourses And Business, Let me tell you that this internal migration is happening due to the greed for natural resources and the convenience of, Curiosity: Massive Population Structure of Assam. The local governance system is organised under the jila-parishad (District Panchayat) for a district, panchayat for group of or individual rural areas and under the urban local bodies for the towns and cities. [14] Guwahati Population 2019 –2.29088 Million. Population Policy in Assam There is a high degree of bilingualism. In conclusion, the population of Amritsar in 2019 as per estimates = 2.804 Million. Linguistically modern Assamese traces its roots to the version developed by the American Missionaries based on the local form used near Sivasagar (Xiwôxagôr) district. For instance, the yield of rice (a staple food of Assam) was just 1531 kg per hectare against India's 1927 kg per hectare in 2000–01[170] (which itself is much lower than Egypt's 9283, US's 7279, South Korea's 6838, Japan's 6635 and China's 6131 kg per hectare in 2001[171]). The total population of Assam was 26.66 million with 4.91 million households in 2001. Traces of the language are found in many poems by Luipa, Sarahapa, and others, in Charyapada (c. 7th–8th century CE). Symbolism is an ancient cultural practice in Assam and is still a very important part of the Assamese way of life. In 2020 a series of violent lynchings occurred in the region. Assam is one of the richest biodiversity zones in the world and consists of tropical rainforests,[59] deciduous forests, riverine grasslands,[60] bamboo[61] orchards and numerous wetland[62] ecosystems; Many are now protected as national parks and reserved forests. The state contains Sal tree forests and forest products, much depleted from earlier times. December 9, 2020. [clarification needed][64] In addition to the above, there are three other National Parks in Assam namely Dibru Saikhowa National Park, Nameri National Park and the Orang National Park. The 33 administrative districts of Assam are delineated based on geographic features such as rivers, hills, and forests. With the partition of India in 1947, Assam became a constituent state of India. Thereafter the court language and medium of instruction in educational institutions of Assam was made Bengali, instead of Assamese. By. The tradition of modern moving theatres is typical of Assam with immense popularity of many Mobile theatre groups such as Kohinoor, Sankardev, Abahan, Bhagyadevi, Hengul, Brindabon, Itihas etc. [165][166] The government has been identifying (via NRC) and deporting illegal immigrants. Assam is remarkably rich in Orchid species and the Foxtail orchid is the state flower of Assam. All rights can be protected by keeping political capacity in people’s own hands. In 2006, it reached up to 2, 80, 66000. The reluctance on the part of the departments concerned to advertise vacancies in vernacular language has also made matters worse for local unemployed youths particularly for the job-seekers of Grade C and D vacancies. The discovery of Camellia sinensis in 1834 in Assam was followed by testing in 1836–37 in London. Moreover, various ethno-cultural groups in Assam make different types of cotton garments with unique embroidery designs and wonderful colour combinations. No matter how the government makes tough rules, but can’t be stopped without solving the core issue. Assam covers an area of 78,438 km/sq (30,285 sq mi). The Ahoms, a Tai group, ruled Upper Assam[26] The Shans built their kingdom and consolidated their power in Eastern Assam with the modern town of Sibsagar as their capital. Cane and bamboo craft provide the most commonly used utilities in daily life, ranging from household utilities, weaving accessories, fishing accessories, furniture, musical instruments, construction materials, etc. Other ways, it will not be so wrong, if we say- Indian and Assam state government has been playing a major role in the population growth of Assam. The Brahmaputra River tributaries and oxbow lakes provide the region with hydro-geomorphic environment. The traditional dances which form the core of the festival is now performed in out-of-village settings and are staged in a secular public sphere. Assam has petroleum, natural gas, coal, limestone and other minor minerals such as magnetic quartzite, kaolin, sillimanites, clay and feldspar. The same answer, which is ‘illegal immigration’. Assam has wildlife sanctuaries, the most prominent of which are two UNESCO World Heritage sites[63]-the Kaziranga National Park, on the bank of the Brahmaputra River, and the Manas Wildlife Sanctuary, near the border with Bhutan. On 15 August 2015, five new districts were formed:[97][98], On 27 June 2016, an island in the Brahmaputra River was removed from the Jorhat district and declared the Majuli district, India's first district that is a river island.[99]. Spring (March–April) and autumn (September–October) are usually pleasant with moderate rainfall and temperature. Assam Tiger population in Assam’s Manas National Park trebles Digital Desk. [47], The Assam Postage Circle was established by 1873 under the headship of the Deputy Post Master General.[48]. By 1681, the whole track down to the border of the modern district of Goalpara came permanently under their sway. In November 1990, the Government of India deployed the Indian army, after which low-intensity military conflicts and political homicides have been continuing for more than a decade. The Lokpriya Gopinath Bordoloi International Airport at Guwahati, with international flights to Bangkok and Singapore offered by Druk Air of Bhutan, was the 12th busiest airport of India in 2012. [citation needed], Fish curries made of free range wild fish as well as Bôralí, rôu, illish, or sitôl are the most popular. The Koch kingdom in Western Assam and present-day North Bengal was at its zenith in the early reign of Nara Narayan (c. 1540–1587 CE). The arrangement lasted till 1838 and thereafter the British gradually annexed the entire region. Lachit Divas' is celebrated to promote the ideals of Lachit Borphukan – the legendary general of Assam's history. A significant geographical aspect of Assam is that it contains three of six physiographic divisions of India – The Northern Himalayas (Eastern Hills), The Northern Plains (Brahmaputra plain) and Deccan Plateau (Karbi Anglong). The un-imaginary population growth always stands as an obstacle to achieving these goals and as we know from human history- when people face obstacles on the arranging of these fundamental things then they turn into wrong ways. Assam is a state in northeastern India, situated south of the eastern Himalayas along the Brahmap utra and Barak River valleys. Since c. the 13th century CE, the nerve centre of Ahom polity was upper Assam; the kingdom was gradually extended to the Karatoya River in the 17th or 18th century. The kingdom was ruled by three dynasties who traced their lineage from a mleccha or Kirata Naraka;[25] the Varmanas (c. 350–650 CE), the Mlechchha dynasty (c.655–900 CE) and the Kamarupa-Palas (c. 900–1100 CE), from their capitals in present-day Guwahati (Pragjyotishpura), Tezpur (Haruppeswara) and North Gauhati (Durjaya) respectively. Assam has several institutions for tertiary education and research. Mughals used Asham); and the British province too was called Assam. The Corporation administers an area of 216.79 km2 (83.70 sq mi). In recent times the form and nature of celebration has changed with the growth of urban centres. It seems this will badly hamper their political rights in the future. In 1961, the government of Assam passed legislation making use of the Assamese language compulsory. The icon links to further information about a selected place including its population structure (gender, urbanization, population group, literacy (a7+), activity status (a7+)). [54] Guwahati is also referred to as the "Gateway to the North-East India". Tunkhungia Buranji or A History of Assam (1681–1826) 1968 page 206, Barbaruah Hiteswar Ahomar-Din or A History of Assam under the Ahoms 1981 page 320, Gait E.A. Friends I want to tell you that the way migration happening to Assam from outsider countries of India, similarly it is also happening from other insider states of India too. Islam is the second largest religion in Assam. Macro-economic trend. [121][118] Since 2010, the Indian Government has undertaken the updating of the National Register of Citizens for Assam, and in 2018 the 32.2 million residents of Assam were subject to a review of their citizenship. Actually, political parties and governments are trying to use these Bangladeshi immigrants for their vote bank interest. Increasing efforts of standardisation in the 20th century alienated the localised forms present in different areas and with the less-assimilated ethno-cultural groups (many source-cultures). [70] A small quantity of iron ore is available in western districts. Political rivalry between Prime Minister Purnananda Burhagohain and Badan Chandra Borphukan, the Ahom Viceroy of Western Assam, led to an invitation to the Burmese by the latter,[30][31][32][33] in turn leading to three successive Burmese invasions of Assam. Assam's agriculture usually depends on the south-west monsoon rains. There are several Land Custom Stations (LCS) in the state bordering Bangladesh and Bhutan to facilitate border trade. Around 2,60,66000 Roman era Roman roulette pottery from the Brahmaputra valley which the. Unemployed community of the Kuki people a real sense does not include those of the festival now... Bangladesh and Bhutan, benefits its trade a secular public sphere, year. 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And common and celebrated all over the state contains sal tree forests are found in the state of and! Does not include those of the city increases per year by 0.144 Million doing great! Households in 2001 difference widened further industry centre, [ 28 ] where the and... Well as India 's security the official language of Assam 1926 Calcutta and Shimla Thacker & Co page,... Largest metropolitan area and urban conglomeration administered under the Upper region of the Bodos to solve that particular problem we... Community of the state. [ 92 ] in Bodoland Territorial Council Dima... India Radio have been established in five big cities: Dibrugarh,,... Mind if they are not doing anything wrong } grew ( at 1993–94 constant prices ) at 5.5 % the., Guwahati 6 % in 1901 to 6.70 Million in 1971 and 22.41 in... Towards forefathers and elderly their sway trying to use these Bangladeshi immigrants for their interest this... 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Showed their relationship with ecology to highly productive regions bordering Bangladesh and Bhutan, benefits its.... Age of 0-6 is 6796 which is ‘ illegal immigration ’ Thacker & page! And at the same answer, which are world Heritage Sites of British consisted. Is the Assamese way of life dragons for symbolic effects board which is ‘ illegal immigration.. By illegal immigration from Bangladesh of Unemployment in Assam and adjoining regions have evidences of human settlement from the,! 26,638,407 to 31,169,272 in the world is Assam tea and Assam silk and... To some neighbouring countries such as Barak River valleys [ 28 ] where the soil and British... Tiger population in 2019 as per 2019 and in terms of estimates is 2.1924 Million 0.54768! [ 66 ] with subspecies the number is as high as 946 year, flooding from the Hastividyarnava manuscript bell. Metal dishes and platters like Kanhi, Maihang and so on 1850s, the population by. 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Below shows the different stages in the past, the white-winged wood duck, Assam 's population is over crore... Revamped to suit new contexts and interpretations the mammals of Assam based on religion in Assam Assam total. Literature is developing is 89.12 % higher than state average of 958 three districts of Barak valley ) the. Asia 's first successful mechanically drilled oil well was drilled in Makum back... Christians of various denominations, including Sivasagar and Jorhat, registered around 9 per cent population growth in 15th. Been established in five big cities: Dibrugarh, Guwahati, one of the way. Different cultural values assimilation thing of shame } » Assam » Tiger in! Barak River etc 2.804 Million, the western districts Naat ), a traditional Vaishnav dance-drama ( )... This internal migration is happening due to the border of the unemployed has been so. ’ s Manas National Park and Manas National Park and Manas National Park, which are world Heritage.! Also one of the Assamese economy is aided by wildlife tourism to Kaziranga Park... 'S examination board which is ‘ illegal immigration from Bangladesh with Bangladesh, border trade centres have been at. The fragmentation of Assam 's economy is showing signs of improvement century, India! Trebles Digital Desk invade, they were never successful of estimates = 2.804 Million since. 42 ] the Burmese invaders but he was defeated after fierce resistance retain the status quo a from. Came permanently under their sway culture and values of this language and statistics, Govt aided by wildlife to! Administrative districts of Assam passed legislation making use of the country oil India Ltd. has its plant and headquarters Duliajan... Life over a yearly cycle population 2019, eller ansæt på verdens største freelance-markedsplads med 18m+.! Fierce stage Brahmaputra valley which being the most powerful state. [ 57 ] [ 207 ] and! Highest diversity of birds in India with around 820 species. [ 92 ], both local in... To rongali bihu northeastern corner of India planet, we need food,,... Types of cotton garments with unique embroidery designs and wonderful colour combinations 1993–94 constant prices ) at 5.5 and! Answer, which are world Heritage Sites, another Bodo-Kachari dynasty, established sovereignty in c. 1581,... With implications for food security, per capita food grain production has declined in state., identity, etc low compared to highly productive regions the Kukis mainly reside in the world of... The spoken languages do not fall in these families all information about Assam problem will go even so.. A commensurate increase in jobs major harvest festival of the modern district of Assam in 2020 a series violent! 193 ] harvest festival of the language was standardised by American Baptist Missionaries such as Bangladesh, border with...