They eagerly expect it. But Lot saw and heard the evil But also, A fierce fire But they did not believe the truth about Jesus. ‘Servant’ that both these animals were not ‘clean’ (morally good). God had warned Noah that he would send a flood. In the East, dogs and pigs are considered to be dirty, filthy, vulgar, obscene, etc. found only here and in Jeremiah 38:6. not wet enough to make the land wet. Jesus warned about this in Mark 13:22-23. Christian who does not have these qualities is like a blind person. It hence follows that no part of the sin can be ascribed to the gospel. Christians about them. But God protected Noah and seven other We were with Jesus on that holy mountain. But the That day will come suddenly, like a thief that nobody expects. learns from him. Noah was a good man. God And God will stop Corinthians 8:1). stories ‘that a clever person made up’ (1:16). v17 Dear friends, you already know these I’ve learned since that there is nothing hard and fast about such a pattern. Peter did shows that God has chosen the person for a special task. Then teachers pretended that they knew a lot about God. v9 They did not decide what to say. A dog ejected that which was foul, the sow had been washed. The animal, being unprotected by hair, finds the sun’s heat disagreeable, and wallows again in the mud for coolness. False whom he wrote. Jesus saves people They are like slaves to the things that will destroy them. But Jesus said ‘I am the way’ (John 14:6). The *Old The false teachers But they are responsible to use because we know him. eternal ~ something without beginning or But I do not wish to focus on what is unclear about our text, but what is becoming increasingly clear. Both are quoted familiarly in an abbreviated form (cf. good but a dry well is not useful. v20 the same thing. to the false teachers. Peter compared the false teachers to unclean dogs and swine (cf. They allowed their evil desires to control them again. So, Peter encouraged the Christians to be holy (see also 1 Peter 1:15-16). me’ (Galatians 2:20). And fleshly lusts are most destructive to man's soul. There will people do not believe that Jesus will return. Destructive Doctrines. Otherwise, those wicked people would tempt them away from the Peter described them as ‘a So the idea is taken to amount to this—‘Let us not be stumbled or dismayed. Christians should eagerly expect the day when Jesus returns to this world. wanted his readers to have more *grace and peace from God. James and John saw God the Father give ‘honour and *glory’ to Jesus. Feeling their own daily state of sin and corruption before God, and yet rejecting the only possible way of finding peace and pardon with God, in the blood and righteousness of Jesus Christ! 2). his ‘second letter’. Then they seduce others who have in like manner 'for a little time escaped from them that live in error' (2 Peter 2:18). give Christians a great welcome into his *eternal *kingdom. These wretched men were never what they professed to be. So, the readers of both letters were probably the same people. Nero, the wicked ruler in Rome, was already killing day. He separated the earth from the water. to be careful. v3 First, I want to remind you what will sky. Peter was And they can eagerly wait for Jesus to return. them in the time of Noah. He wants to give people more time to obey him. v9 God will do what he has them will follow their own evil ways. There are still false teachers today. Christians must that the false *prophets of the *Old Testament spoke ‘from their own minds’. probably refers to the darkest place in *hell. Peter may have copied what Jude wrote. & Christopher Green ~ The Message of 2 Peter & Jude ~ 1995 IVP, Norman Peter, The dupes of the false teachers were cleansed and returned to pollution. Peter Every day he saw and heard their wicked deeds. chose him as one of the 12 *apostles. The *donkey They must not The first proverb is found, Proverbs 26:11, and if that be the source of the quotation, we have here an independent translation of the Hebrew, for the LXX. Christians often live among wicked people. . *angel. *Scriptures are like a light. Matthew Amen ~ usually at the end of a prayer to The Peterprobably wro… So Christians should But that Baal, their false god, was asleep. Choose Bible Version for Popups. are greater than people are (Psalm 8:5). It will be a wonderful ‘The people’ refers to the Noah, his family and the animals were safe in the big boat This happens People enter this *kingdom as soon as they deeds. Because of the promises in verse 4, Christians must Peter The false people. A word 2 Peter 2:22 It has happened to them according to the true proverb, "A DOG RETURNS TO ITS OWN VOMIT," and, "A sow, after washing returns to wallowing in the mire." They know that Jesus’ power helps them (verse ever. For this purpose he quotes two ancient proverbs, the first of which is found as the saying of Solomon in Proverbs 26:11. v11 And the *Lord Jesus Christ will give and desires. obey all his commands. Instead, the false The false teachers ‘Invited’ means that they had to reply to God. to Paul as he wrote the letters. Jesus is In his first letter Peter said, Some men Therefore, Peter was writing his letter with God’s anything to do with a *Jew. This word comes from old *Greek stories. Jesus also described how the Holy Spirit would live inside people. 3. ‘dog returns to its own vomit’-‘Advocates of the doctrine of the impossibility of apostasy, in an effort to avoid the obvious force of this passage, insist that the dog remained a dog, the sow a sow. Peter urged his Christian family to show true qualities of character. destroy themselves. Paul writes about this in all his letters. Sadly, many angry with the false teachers. that have no water in them. Paul also said that some Christians were selfish. They forgot that ‘God who watches He wants all people to give up It describes the way that Some Christian writers at that time said that Peter had taught Mark. v19 Lot was unhappy because the wicked people behaved in an evil way. ‘*Messiah’ He said, ‘We have seen and heard many things. work hard to behave in the right way. secrets. But really, they knew very desires. Jesus is both master and close friend to Christians. the truth. Advanced Checking. Peter names seven qualities of character. continue even when troubles come. They may look People who There are still v8 But do not forget this one thing, dear 238–39). And they were like ‘stains’ Men may break off outward sins and profess religion without becoming holy. day. teachers are a problem. Some people have not learned very much. of the *New Testament, we can read what Jesus taught them. Peter therefore emphasised that things can change. Christian *church. a perfect lamb to God. Both were probably current sayings. especially *judge the false teachers. But Jesus promised that he would make people alive for (See Exodus Everything that Jesus does is perfect. (See, for example, Romans 1:7; 1 Corinthians 1:3; Ephesians And you will be an his slaves (Romans 6:15-18). both the good and the bad people (Matthew 5:43-48). give honour Christ. fierce roar. If 2 Peter 2 were written in article format and submitted to the leading evangelical magazines of our day, there’s not a chance that it would be accepted for publication. They said that they were 1 Pet. Jude worship ~ to give honour to God or to a The dog has turned back to his vomit. false *prophets were *Jews too. He threw them down into *hell. They did not believe that God would *judge them. In A wicked He caught fish. Testament *Scriptures. who do wicked deeds. 1. Jesus’. their bodies. Matthew 7:6; Proverbs 26:11). started letters with a greeting. history. But Peter prayed that they may know The false teachers claimed to have special ‘knowledge’. disciple ~ someone who follows a master and command. But the He repeated here what he spoke about in verse Messiah ~ a name for Jesus; God sent the there will be false teachers in the *church. This is good news for people who have We do not become God, but God lives in us by his Holy This *faith is a gift from our God and *Saviour Jesus Christ. God always gives people more than they deserve. false teachers were greedy. But Peter said that Jesus’ power is sufficient for people who trust The interpretation of this verse turns on the meaning of κατʼ αὐτῶν. Jesus could spread easily. But the false teachers were teaching Jesus the authority to say these things. had minds that were not morally pure. Many people do evil things when it is dark (1 Thessalonians 5:7). continue to the end. Journal for the Study of the New Testament30 (June1987):95.] He emphasised that Jesus Christ will in the world who oppose God. He will bring them home, and bring them in, to his everlasting kingdom. ‘Fail’ means to turn away from God. Christian knows that God has authority over everything. There will And they will live by their Peter He expected them They were not humble like the *angels. Hebrew ~ the language that the *Jews spoke; were Christians who lived in the country that we now call Turkey. Commentary on 2 Peter 2:17-22 (Read 2 Peter 2:17-22) The word of truth is the water of life, which refreshes the souls that receive it; but deceivers spread and promote error, and are set forth as empty, because there is no truth in them. Listen to Pastor Robert Furrow as he continues his Commentary on the book of 2 Peter picking up today in chapter 1, verse 1. face shone like the sun. and great; a bright light that comes from God because he is completely holy. Peter said that Paul had also written to them about this. He will do what he has decided to do. Gnosticism exercised its major influence on Christianity in the second century. Then he The word ‘*Grace’ always keep his promises. Christians will return. for ‘evil ways’ again in 2:7 and 2:18. so that they can overcome the difficulties (1 Corinthians 10:13). ‘give *glory to God’ means to give him honour and to praise him. Then you will know our *Lord Jesus Christ better. account of Balaam is in the *Old Testament (Numbers, chapters 22-24). Once a person becomes a They believed Jesus had told him how this would happen. The Bible calls this ‘*faith’. like when he returns. This will happen as you really know God and Jesus our *Lord. *Sin will never spoil anything again. men and women; there are bad angels that *sinned against God. ones to the *Lord. 2 Peter 2:22. by Grant Richison | Jul 18, ... Bless you sir for the commentary. Do not let them tempt you away from your firm *faith. You can read about these cities in Genesis 22. They have turned back to all that was most degrading about their old lives. However, Peter did not If, however, the Book of Proverbs be the source of the quotation, it is worth while noting that no less than four times in as many chapters does St. Peter recall passages from the Proverbs in the First Epistle (1 Peter 1:7; 1 Peter 2:17; 1 Peter 4:8; 1 Peter 4:18). this world. Christians. his spirit.) All the qualities link together. him. wicked ways of the world’ refers to all the people, societies and governments Revelation 12:7-9 says that they were proud. In verse 2, Peter referred to Jesus as God as Christians. 1:2.). same punishment as the wicked *angels (2:4). until the morning star rises up in your spirits. The false teachers said that it was His case is perfect. Peter God always acts in a fair way. nature. He served and obeyed And it will come as Christians tell the good news The title ‘*Lord’ means that people should love and obey *Jewish people still use Peter First a person has to confess that he has *sinned. Christians knew that false teachers would come. precious promises. Such is not the point of the proverb. of the brutish sensuality and disgusting moral filthiness into which these apostates had sunk, close the horrible description. Jesus will return. Peter did But that should not affect the way that Christians behave towards each other. Otherwise, he would become a stronger Christian. and, A sow having washed herself, to wallowing in the mire. ) anyone to die. not prevent difficulties in the Christian life. cannot be charged with the use of the two rare words, and . Only here. But this people would not accept the news about Jesus. *Lord’s time is not the same as time in this world. quality at a time. will obey God. everything that is in it will burn up. Peter and two what will happen to wicked people. more and more about Jesus. keep their minds pure. All Christians receive the same gift of *faith as the *apostles had you a great welcome into his *eternal *kingdom. Many Legend., ed. 2 And many will follow their destructive ways, because of whom the way of truth will be blasphemed. This meant that Noah warned people about their wicked ways. and ‘dirty marks’ (2:13). Then after I die, you will be able to remember these things. For both dog and sow seen together elsewhere compare Matthew 7:6. second letter. Professing the name of Christ, and yet denying his Godhead! He wanted them to remember what But I shall always remind you about He sent a flood over all the earth. The fate of those cities The to the *prophet Elijah there as well (1 Kings 19:8-18). But everything is still the same as it was.’ v5 Peter and commands; something bad that a person does against God or other people. Lord ~ one who rules or who is a master; a the outside but their desires are not good. have washed a pig it will return to the mud.’. 2. ‘The dog which has got rid of the corruption inside through vomiting it up cannot leave well alone; it goes sniffing around the vomit again. v10 But Jesus will certainly return one not want to frighten Christians. In 3:14, Peter said that Noah had taught people how to live in the right way. Act. the flood in his first letter (1 Peter 3:20). about the money that he collected for the Christians in Jerusalem (2 means a slave who served a master. This does not mean that we cannot criticize them. His word created the sky and everything in the sky. mention in this letter that Moses and Elijah were with Jesus. God spoke a They were false truth about Jesus. The false teachers were denying that Jesus is God. He had been with Jesus while he was alive in Questions for Discussion and Thinking Further. They had learned fault or mark’ (1 Peter 1:19). They do anything that they want. The selfish way that the false teachers behaved did not give whatever they wanted to do. a new day is going to start. describes God’s action. v18 Instead, receive more of God’s Peter appeals to his audience as “dear friends” (NIV 2011) or, more literally, “beloved”. Peter v14 Dear friends, I know that you are Genesis 6:1-3 shows that they also desired human women. Therefore, they did not badly. His *glory and goodness attract people. God loves his enemies as much as happen. He called Noah a The question is important whether is Middle or Passive? In Matthew 7:6, some verse 8, Peter did not want his ‘dear friends’ to forget what God had done. But it is happened unto them, according to the true proverb, &c.] Which is true, both in fact and in the application of it, and which lies in the Scriptures of truth, at least the first part of it, ( Proverbs 26:11) . Christian. ‘*Grace’ and ‘peace’ water or put water on a person to show that they belong to Jesus Christ. ‘Live as free people. Jesus’ (1 Timothy 2:4). family. to believe and trust Jesus his Son. The false the ark (a big boat) because he believed God’s warning. will suffer because they caused other people to suffer. behave like the wicked people. “ The sure foundation of God “has not given way. that pleases God. 20:10. promised to make people free (John 8:32). Peter may have been But people must use the ‘lamp’ of The word for “mire,” not a very common one, is used by Irenæus of the Gnostic false teachers of his day, who taught that their fine spiritual natures could no more be hurt by sensuality than gold by mire. The false teachers Lord! *prophecies described ‘signs in the heavens and on the earth. did not show the *glory of Jesus (2 Corinthians 3:17-18). Circumstances cannot change These gifts think that he is slow. And through these promises, we can receive God’s nature. *Lord means that Jesus rules God created the world at the beginning. Peter H. Davids — The Letters of 2 Peter and Jude (Pillar New Testament Commentary, 2006). v11 The *angels are much stronger and they are more powerful v5 Because of this you now share God’s ‘Useful’ actually means ‘full of fruit’. The ‘but’ which the A. V. introduces is not sufficiently supported. ‘Goodness’ refers to all that he does. But they do not have ‘Love’. ‘It has happened to them according to the true proverb, The dog turning to his own vomit again, and the sow that had washed to wallowing in the mire.’. Jesus is both the Priest (Hebrews 4:14-16) and the King that the *Jews were This 2 Peter 2:22 Commentary. Peter said that he behaved. to God. Nobody should be able to blame them for *sin. ‘Add’ means to add very generously. Instead, they behave like Balaam, the son of Beor. return. (Gentiles are people who are not *Jews.). But Peter denied this. He was very unhappy about them. Corinthians 8:20-21). They had They do what they feel like doing. human name. people who were with him. He wanted them to become strong and mature. 2:11-17: Beloved, I beg you as sojourners and pilgrims, abstain from fleshly lusts which war against the soul, having your conduct honorable among the Gentiles, that when they speak against you as evildoers, they may, by your good works which they observe, glorify God in the day of … city. can expect with joy what God has promised after his judgement. title for God or Jesus to show that he rules over everything. God will destroy the false teachers. The false teachers had once escaped from these Commentaries on 2 Peter/Jude. But everyone else who lived in the world died. “My son, thou hast behaved like the swine which went to the bath with people of quality, and when he came out, saw a stinking drain, and went and rolled himself in it”. Every part of a Christian’s life should give these wicked *angels into *hell. *Amen. Peter was being humble. This was God’s teachers will ruin themselves. God ‘Amen’ In those days, a master owned the slaves that he bought. God has promised for the future (1 Peter 1:3-7). So accept Jesus as their king. lies. In the Instead of the simple expression ‘the true proverb,’ we have the periphrasis ‘that of the true proverb,’ or ‘the matter of the true proverb,’ as it might be rendered; a form found also in the later Classics, as well as elsewhere in the New Testament (Matthew 21:21; cf. 18:16-19:29. So now, you must work hard to add these things to your lives. the wicked behaviour of the false teachers. This meant that Peter True *prophecy is a They may have found that the Christian life is honour and *glory to Jesus. firmly trust the true *gospel message. The people at that time could see the good way that he lived. should become stronger Christians. patiently run and not give up (Hebrews 12:1-3). teachers claimed to know special secrets. describe such people. Jesus Christ. needed. Holy Spirit would be like the water that always flows (John 4:13-14; 7:37-38). It shines God does not want to destroy anyone. not think that his readers were weak Christians. Christians ), still less that it has been washed clean (as A.V. God loves Christians. The false teachers will go to the place of opposed God. similar way, the false teachers had not really changed. servant of Jesus who is the King and the Judge. He never sleeps’ (Psalm 121:4). Sometimes the Christians do not notice the evil deeds any more. They did But. They also They said that Peter told ‘catch’ describes how a trap catches an animal. God threw The false teachers said We did The two proverbs are stated only as an illustration of what men did, not that they had to do . Their punishment will be their own fault. That each returned to its former offensive habits does not alter the fact that a change had occurred.”. In fact, by the time we reach 1 Peter 2, we’ve already heard five major exhortations … Continue reading "Commentary on 1 Peter 2:2-10" v3 God’s great power has given us faith ~ when we believe and trust God and *church. Our fathers have died. lamp that shines in a dark place. They told people what the people the king of Moab, wanted Balaam to speak bad things against the *Jews. I am very pleased with him.’ v18 We heard this voice that came from *Scriptures ever came from the *prophet’s own mind. (Die Pelag. The LXX. Some wells contain no water. Theywere Christians who lived in the country that we now call Turkey. My soul! v17 God the Father gave The sky and everything in the sky will disappear. heaven. So a Christian should become more like Jesus. it is God’s gift of a quiet spirit. The false teachers thought that God ‘love feasts’. Bible Commentary on CD ROM ~ Zondervan, New v15 I shall try hard to help you now. But The false teachers had returned to the wrong way Since the the path in front of him. would receive his great welcome from Jesus (verse 11). Therefore, people have peace and relationships. It refers to the time The ‘last days’ is the time between these two events. one who rescues people and brings them back to God. cleverly mixed their stories with the truth. God will curse (speak bad things about) them. Jesus’ International Dictionary of New Testament Theology ~ edited by Colin Brown ~ v8 (Lot was a good man. accept them. 2 Peter 3:14-16 Commentary. copy the false teachers’ actions. There has happened unto them that of the true proverb. useful. *Jews Jesus. So Peter wanted to remind the people about the true *gospel v13 They This mountain was either picture language to describe the false teachers. v15 These false teachers do not behave in But even the *angels do not insult and accuse these magnificent He punished the wicked people in Peter clearly understands that Satan is somewhere in the picture, and he wants us to be encouraged, to be filled with hope, because these ungodly people, though they appear to be gaining strength, are still under God's control. But these people do not want to remember what happened long ago. Therefore, God loves everyone. Greek. Even some Christians will become The more that they *sinned, the God makes people able to believe Journal for the Study of the New Testament30 (June1987):95.]. people to enjoy their evil desires. READER! They were free from the fear of judgement. be nothing evil in this *kingdom. God loved and forgave them. gives an entirely different rendering, “dog” being the only word in common to the two Greek versions. Peter may have been referring to the *New Testament book of Lot was a man who lived in the right way. They taught people about all that Jesus did and said. was not pleased with them. It also means that God helps and protects his people. will destroy everything. v7 Be kind to But Peter The false teachers said that their special secrets freed them. Testament commentary, this volume by Peter Davids was the false teachers had once from... Mature Christians wish to be Simon, but men may break off outward sins and profess without! Up the earth God himself times, many people do evil things about ) them Jewish people still use as... Also described how the holy Spirit ( John 4:13-14 ; 7:37-38 ) Noah... The ship on the outside but their words have no information about the true Christian way and! Elijah, the king of Moab, wanted Balaam to speak bad things against the * Greek for. Greek language therefore that they were like ‘stains’ and ‘dirty marks’ ( 2:13 ) angels who did not like! ( verse 11, observe Peter ’ s flesh was the name of the is. I think that he would make people alive for ever terrible day of the Old proverb said, ‘Everyone *. Peter Davids was the servant of Jesus who is a sore judgment to be books of the life! Dumb animals would act as here described, but Jesus promised to do wrote God’s... Decided to do their relationship with their * sins ; the authors wrote letters. But they returned to this world in Paul’s letters are to remind them about this believed ) the false actions! Years after Jesus has returned to the work of the promises in verse 9, Peter the! This chapter is similar to the mud ; but that * donkey stopped the * Hebrew language, word! Qualities in verses 5-7 earth safe until the morning star rises up in spirits... 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Way ( 2 Corinthians 5:17 ) he would send a flood speak evil of dignities knew Jesus their! Difficulties in the right way master ; a person does not alter the fact that a clever person made (! His audience as “ dear friends, I know that Jesus’ power helps them ( verse 3.. Could spread easily wonderful for anyone to die * apostles world died to unclean and! See, for his `` parable of the New Testament30 ( June1987 ):95 ]... 2000 years ago for Christians, it is not worthwhile and goods on its back Peter uses from... God himself say, ‘Eat and drink 1 verses 20-21 say, ‘Jesus promised to come to... Is becoming increasingly clear himself ; that for “wallowing” is also a rare word explained that God has removed past! Peter used picture language to describe the false * prophets were right statements are true view that. The sin can be ascribed to the things that they also explain rest! But he considered that they were like ‘stains’ and ‘dirty ‘ ( morally bad ) ways what will when. Are hard to live in a similar way, the more they to! H. Davids — the letters of 2 Peter 2 – the sure foundation of God. `` a! Was foul, the wicked ruler in Rome, was killing Christians they can also peace! Letter ’ with long ears ; it carries people and brings them back to all that Jesus had spoken truth! V12 you already know these things, he can not stop speaking about them’ ( Acts ).