Learn. Examples of Common Cooking Terms. Learn common cooking terms to make reading recipes, and cooking easier, and more fun. To cut vertically down, thickness sometimes specified by the recipe. Garlic and herbs are often minced. The process is intensive but worth it: boiling the bones removes impurities, roasting (notice I didn’t say baking? Boiling is a common cooking technique for pasta. A cup and a tablespoon are pretty self-explanatory, especially once you know how to measure ingredients, but what about those vaguer terms? Broil. Beat Braise: A cooking technique in which the protein or vegetables are browned on each side before adding seasoned liquid halfway up the side of the main ingredient and cooked “low and slow” in the oven until tender and cooked through. Whisk Scald In this Cooking Terminology page I have compiled a list of all the culinary terms that I have … Stew That’s the Maillard reaction at work. STUDY. Caramelization occurs when sugar is heated until its molecules react to form other colors and flavors. Mince is the smallest cut. Terms I Definition 1. to combine a delicate ingredient to a solid mixture 1 2. to cook meat or poultry by dry heat, usually in an oven 3. to moisten food while it's cooking to add flavor 4. to cook in a small amount of hot fat in a skillet / 5. (And since we’re talking cheese…try these!). to cook under direct heat in a broiler or oven hot coals. Bake: Cook with dry, radiant heat in an oven. To cut vegetables into large squares, usually specified by the recipe. To cook gently over very low heat, in barely simmering water just to cover. Slice refers to cutting large ingredients into similarly shaped, flat pieces. Caramelize You may want to dredge the ingredient first, coating it in something dry like flour or breadcrumbs, to provide a protective coating. The many terms used in cooking are tough for beginners to understand. Even when I was enjoying the grind of a 9-5 office life, I was always, deep down, thinking and dreaming about cooking. The result is a tender-crisp vegetable. Think about charred peppers for making chiles rellenos. Before you know it, you’ll be cooking (and talking) like a pro! Saute means cooking food quickly over high heat, usually using oil or fat as the cooking medium. The cooking of food slowly with gentle heat, causing the natural moisture to evaporate slowly and concentrating the flavor. We can't all be Julia Child, but you can at least understand her recipes with these definitions. Cooking doesn't have to be hard, but learning all the terms sure can be! This is a list of common cooking and baking terms. It spits at you because oil and water do not mix. A guide to common cooking terms from mincing to julienned—and what they actually mean. Cutting vegetables until long, thin stripes, approximately 1/4 inch thick and 1 inch long. Start adding a pinch of salt from a bowl, and you’ll quickly get the hang of it. Grate We have a special Super Bowl meal for our Chestnut, New College & Camp…, http://www.atomicgourmet.com/Atomic-Gourmet-Free-Online-Recipes/Online-Recipe-Search/PageId/1/Culinary-Glossary/LId/0,22,23/Id/23/Cooking-Terms.html, http://www.goodhousekeeping.com/food-recipes/cooking/tips/a16958/dictionary-cooking-terms/, http://lifehacker.com/a-beginners-guide-to-the-most-confusing-cooking-terms-1459836282, http://www.reluctantgourmet.com/cooking-terms/. I always wanted to be a chef. To partially cook by boiling, usually to prepare the food for cooking by another method. Fold If you preheat your oven to 375 degrees, for example, the air in the oven heats up to that temperature. to cut or to chop into very fine pieces. It is usually called baking when it refers to cooking desserts, breads, or pastries, and roasting when it refers to meats (like roast chicken) or vegetables. Food Services at the University of Toronto oversees more than 30 food locations across the St. George campus and runs programs like Veggie Mondays, cultural events, environmental initiatives and campus Meal Plans. Have you ever dropped water onto a pan full of hot oil? Fillet To cut into small pieces, usually 1/4 to 1/8 chunks. Common Cooking Terms. I spent my spare time watching the Food Network, reading cookbooks and food blogs, and experimenting with every ingredient I could find. (Picture slices of bread, onion rings, carrot coins.) Dollop. A quick search on most search engines will turn up definitions for cooking terms both common and obscure. To heat liquid almost to a boil until bubbles begin forming just around the edge. This method is great for delicate items that may fall apart in the deep fryer, like crab cakes or zucchini fritters. The “line” is the kitchen space where the cooking is done, often set up in a horizontal line. A smidgen is so small it’s not even worth talking about (1/32 teaspoon), but you might see if from time to time. BAKE: To cook by dry heat, usually in an oven. CindyAgee. - separately priced items from a menu, not as part of a set meal. These days, you can pan fry, deep fry, broil, braise, grill, boil, parboil, sous vide, spit-roast, microwave, toast, sear, blacken, bread, poach, and confit just about anything your heart desires — or your stomach desires, for that matter. If you feel like washing tons of extra dishes is worth Food-Network levels of … Braise: A cooking technique in which the protein or vegetables are browned on each side before adding seasoned liquid halfway up the side of the main ingredient and cooked “low and slow” in the oven until tender and cooked through. Flashcards. To cook small pieces of food over a medium-high heat with oil in a pan, usually to brown food. Julienne What really was the difference between a mince and a chop? Slice to moisten foods during cooking with pan drippings or a sauce in order to add flavor and prevent drying. There are cooking terms, however, that are commonly seen in recipes, but may not be explained. If it smells burnt or tastes bitter, you have gone too far! Italian for ‘to the tooth’. Searing cooks an ingredient over very high heat for a brief period of time. Mince While she spends most of her time writing these days, she still exercises her culinary muscles on the regular, taking any opportunity to turn local, seasonal ingredients into beautiful meals for her family. Like chopping, it is to cut food into small cubes, usually about 1/2 inch. This minimizes the chance that water will transfer from the ingredient onto the oil. STUDY. Prepared By: C. Simpson 1 COOKING TERMS.doc A DICTIONARY OF COOKING TERMS. Always start sparingly with salt and taste: you can add more. Slices can be thin or thick, and the recipe will direct you accordingly (i.e., thinly slice, slice into 1/2-inch rounds). Dress. It’s a combination cooking method that uses dry cooking techniques in the beginning to brown the meat followed by moist cooking methods to finish cooking it in liquid. An ice bath…what? Steaming uses boiling water, although the ingredients never touch the water itself. Autolyse: In bread baking, combining the flour and water before adding other ingredients and before kneading. It’s important that they’re the same size so they cook at the same rate when cooking via saute. 17 Common Cooking Terms + How To Use Them. Simmering refers to cooking in a liquid that is just below the boiling point, between 180 and 205 degrees. The heated air then surrounds the baking dish or roasting pan on all sides and remains constant, cooking your food at an even rate. A recipe writer picks a size because it influences cooking time, texture, and taste. The process of mixing dough with the hands or a mixer. Parboil To soak a dry ingredient in a liquid just under the boiling point to extract the flavour, such as with tea. To really understand Italian cookery, you need to know its essential vocabulary. A la carte (adj.) Deep fry means fully submerging your ingredient in hot oil. Common Cooking Terms Write in the correct cooking term for each definition given. Seriously. Cooking terms 1. To cook in the oven. Sear is an important skill to learn, both for meat and vegetable cookery. Write. March 24, 2016. Make bone broth! Boiling brings water to a temperature of 212 degrees at sea level. Baste. Stew is really another kind of braising. Here is a glossary of common cooking terms. To cut as small as possible, most commonly used with garlic. to beat food lightly and rapidly in order to incorporate air into the mixture and to increase its volume. To coat lightly with a powdery ingredients, such as confectioners’ sugar or cocoa. Poaching falls in the temperature range between 140 and 180 degrees. Steep PLAY. A spoonful of a semi-solid food, like whipped cream or masted potatoes, placed on top of another food. Dice. Set your oven to 375 degrees, and take the quiz to find out! Spell. Drizzle Familiarity with the lingo and how to use these words gives you instant credibility in every restaurant kitchen. I don't think you need all 484 terms, but you can at least try out these techniques in your own kitchen and save the fancy cooking terms terms for impressing your friends. Knead It’s like a grill in reverse. Glossary: This is Betty Crocker’s dictionary of over 1000 cooking terms. Chefs use this to put all of their prepped ingredients in bowls beforehand, so when it's time to start cooking they just have to combine them. Skim Bake Generally used in terms of pasta and rice cooking, but technically includes vegetables and beans too. To cut into small pieces, usually 1/4 to 1/8 chunks. To beat ingredients with a fork or a whisk. These pieces should be as small as you can make ’em. Gratin A gratin is a topping that is often either breadcrumbs or grated cheese that forms a brown crust when placed under a hot grill. Here’s a little 101 on common cooking terms: Sear It requires a pan set over high heat to quickly brown the surface of meat and caramelize it (use cast-iron or stainless steel for best results). Roast Al dente - Pasta that has been cooked tender but slightly firm, but not hard. Read on, and then practice your newfound knife skills by making a classic chopped salad! Believe it or not, frying is actually a dry-heat cooking technique: no water is used in the cooking process. When searing, it’s important to cook in small batches. Creates tiny pieces of food, best for things like cheese to melt quickly or a vegetable used in a sauce. What does baste mean? It is usually used in terms of baking or cooking meats where a marinade will be brushed over the food continuously to form a glaze. Chop Kiss Recipes: A list of common cooking terms, many of which are not found on the list above. baste. While these terms are helpful, a cook is always advised to use a good candy thermometer to make certain the desired temperature is reached, but not exceeded. Our extensive list features all the common cooking terms plus ethnic ingredients, cooking methods, and tips from our Test Kitchen. Steam Remouillage. Baking = to cook by dry heat, usually in an oven. Pan fry uses much less oil than deep frying but more oil than a typical saute. To coat the interior of a pan or dish with shortening, oil, or butter to prevent food from sticking during cooking. Grease Pan Fry Zest Delicious! You want it to cook just through to the inside, so the interior stays moist and tender. A guide to common cooking terms from mincing to julienned—and what they actually mean. 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