[17], A large morphological diversity is found within the crop, and the growth conditions and grower preferences for each variety vary from region to region. Are you taking any other medication too ? Due to its tolerance for sandy soil and low rainfall, it is an important crop in the semiarid regions across Africa and Asia. [73] In some tradition cropping methods, the yield can be as low as 100 kilograms per hectare (0.045 short ton/acre). Experts agree that cowpeas belong to the botanical species Vigna unguiculata (L.) … May I know in general,How much Cowpea sprouts can be used in a day? The stems, leaves, and vines serve as animal feed and are often stored for use during the dry season. [5] The legume pod borer Maruca vitrata is the main preharvest pest of the cowpea and the cowpea weevil Callosobruchus maculatus the main postharvest pest. Early-maturing varieties of the crop can thrive in the semiarid climate, where rainfall is often less than 500 mm (20 in). Lowers Bad Cholesterol Levels: The soluble fibre and the levels of proteins in … George Washingt… Asparagus growing Information Guide. Cowpea also known as Vigna unguiculata is a legume of the family Fabaceae ⁄ Leguminosae. Check your mobile for SMS (Didn't get the message, repeat Step 1). [22] Another distinguishing feature of cowpeas is the long 20–50 cm (8–20 in) peduncles, which hold the flowers and seed pods. Niger is the main exporter of cowpeas and Nigeria the main importer. is cultivated widely in the tropics and has multipurpose uses: as food for human beings, fodder for livestock and atmospheric nitrogen fixers. The seeds can be harvested after about 100 days or the whole plant used as forage after about 120 days. Cowpeas were domesticated in Africa and are one of the oldest crops to be farmed. It is a subsistence crop, often intercropped with sorghum, maize and pearl millet. [5], M. vitrata causes the most damage to the growing cowpea due to their large host range and cosmopolitan distribution. Cowpeas are very rich in vitamins, minerals and proteins. Avoid use during Pregnancy and Breastfeeding. Tag: Economic Importance Of Cowpea. (IPM CRSP, 2000). nutritional value (Ahenkora et al. Most cowpeas are grown on the African continent, particularly in Nigeria and Niger, which account for 66% of world production. The nutrients present in Cow pea make it an essential Herb in relation to Thyroid. Cowpea production technology 31.10.2018 1. Cowpea is a mainstay of school lunches in Ghana. 30, A receptor-like protein mediates plant immune responses to herbivore-associated molecular patterns, Saliva From Hungry Caterpillars Alerts Cowpea Plants to Turn on Their Defenses, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cowpea&oldid=992639201, Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, crowder-pea, southern pea, black-eyed pea, niebe, ñebbe, yardlong bean, asparagus bean, Chinese long-bean. Silage is preserved animals feeds, ideal for use during droughts. Advances in Seed Production technology of Cowpea Dr. T .S . Cowpea grain matures earlier than cereals, hence becomes a quick source of cash before the maize, millets and … Cowpea is an annual herb and is commonly cultivated mainly for its protein-rich seeds. Cowpea is a legume that is extensively grown throughout sub-Saharan Africa. When fresh, the young leaves, immature pods and peas are used as vegetables, while snacks and main meal dishes are prepared from the dried grain. [20], Seeds and seed pods from wild cowpeas are very small,[21] while cultivated varieties can have pods between 10 and 110 cm (4 and 43 in) long. A second domestication event probably occurred in Asia, before they spread into Europe and the Americas. It is not intended to replace a doctor. At its earliest stage, the green cowpeas are relished as a hearty green vegetable dish by people around the … All parts of the cowpea crop are used as all are rich in nutrients and fiber. The tender leaves and young pods are used for preparing nutritious vegetable dishes. [50] One of the plant's defenses against some insect attacks is the cowpea trypsin inhibitor (CpTI). Exact figures for cowpea production are hard to come up with as it is not a major export crop. Generally, 133,000 seeds are planted per hectare (54,000/acre) for the erect varieties and 60,000 per hectare (24,000/acre) for the climbing and trailing varieties. The ideal soils are sandy and it has better tolerance for infertile and acid soil than most other crops. Colours include white, cream, green, red, brown, and black, or various combinations. ]. o West Africa produces more than 84% of the African production o Burkina Faso ranks third country in cowpea production (FAOSTAT, 2014) o Cowpea is the first most important grain legume in Burkina … They also detoxify the body, promote healthy skin, aid in weight loss, and improve blood circulation. It also is used as a green manure crop, a nitrogen fixing crop, or for erosion control. and has multiple uses like food, feed, forage, fodder, green manuring and vegetable. The attributes of Cowpea The trading of seeds and processed foods from cowpea provides both urban and rural opportunities for earning regular income. The grain provides valuable protein and the leaves are used as a nutritious vegetable. Description: Cowpea (scientific name: Vigna unguiculata (Linn.) It grows best in regions with an annual rainfall between 400 and 700 mm (16 and 28 in). What is the disease that you are suffering from. Adam D. Steinbrenner, Maria Muñoz-Amatriaín, Antonio F. Chaparro, Jessica Montserrat Aguilar-Venegas, Sassoum Lo, Satohiro Okuda, Gaetan Glauser, Julien Dongiovanni, Da Shi, Marlo Hall, Daniel Crubaugh, Nicholas Holton, Cyril Zipfel, Ruben Abagyan, Ted C. J. Turlings, Timothy J. "Bionomics, host plant resistance, and management of the legume pod borer, "Genetic Differentiation among Maruca vitrata F. (Lepidoptera: Crambidae) Populations on Cultivated Cowpea and Wild Host Plants: Implications for Insect Resistance Management and Biological Control Strategies", "Pest management practices in cowpea: a review", "Effects of Transgenic Cry1Ac + CpTI Cotton on Non-Target Mealybug Pest, "Screening for Drought Tolerance in Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L. Walp) at Seedling Stage under Screen House Condition", "Diversity of Drought Tolerance in the Genus Vigna", "Africa Imports - African Recipes - Red-Red Stew", "The Long and the Short of Yard-Long Beans", Cowpea research at the International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA), Network for Genetic Improvement of Cowpea for All (NGICA), Consensus Document on Compositional Considerations for New Varieties of COWPEA (Vigna unguiculata): Key Food and Feed Nutrients, Anti-nutrients and Other Constituents, OECD Series on the Safety of Novel Foods and Feeds No. The crop is mainly grown for its seeds, which are high in protein, although the leaves and immature seed pods can also be consumed. [21], The size and shape of the leaves vary greatly, making this an important feature for classifying and distinguishing cowpea varieties. [23] A pod can contain six to 13 seeds that are usually kidney-shaped, although the seeds become more spherical the more restricted they are within the pod. They can have a smooth or rough coat and be speckled, mottled, or blotchy. Do you know this herb by any other name ? 0. TS@icar.gov.in Phone :9986100079 2. importance • Cowpea is a food and animal feed crop • It originated and was domesticated in … [27] In 2300 BC, the cowpea is believed to have made its way into Southeast Asia, where secondary domestication events may have occurred. [49] The cowpea mosaic virus (CPMV), discovered in 1959, has become a useful research tool. [56] International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA), Nigeria and Institut de I’Environment ae de Recherches Agricoles are working on cowpea crop wild relatives to tap the genetic diversity and transfer that into cultivars to make them more tolerant to different stresses and adaptive to climate change. [37] One of the more recent developments is the use a cheap, reusable double-bagging system (called PICs) that asphyxiates the cowpea weevils. Cowpea is the most economically important indigenous African legume and most versatile African crop which feeds people, their livestock, the soil and other crops. A common snack in Africa is koki or moin-moin, where the cowpeas are mashed into a paste, mixed with spices and steamed in banana leaves. [64] They also use the cowpea paste as a supplement in infant formula when weaning babies off milk. [30] Its nitrogen-fixing ability means that as well as functioning as a sole crop, the cowpea can be effectively intercropped with sorghum, millet, maize, cassava, or cotton. Some are short, upright bush types. Vigna unguiculata is a member of the Vigna (peas and beans) genus. [12] However, as the plant is primarily self-pollinating, its genetic diversity within varieties is relatively low. Cowpea varieties have diverse growth habits. Broccoli Growing Information Guide. [62] Although little research has been conducted on the nutritional value of the leaves and immature pods, what is available suggests that the leaves have a similar nutritional value to black nightshade and sweet potato leaves, while the green pods have less antinutritional factors than the dried seeds. Growing Cowpeas – A Beginners Guide. (Hasskarl)", "Southern Peas - Gardening Solutions - University of Florida, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences", "Niebe: A Food of Choice to Combat Hunger", "Genetic Diversity and Population Structure of Cowpea (, "The Potential Role of Neglected and Underutilised Crop Species as Future Crops under Water Scarce Conditions in Sub-Saharan Africa", "Toxicity and repellence of African plants traditionally used for the protection of stored cowpea against Callosobruchus maculatus". [40] Biological control has had limited success, so most preventive methods rely on the use of agrichemicals. Cowpea can be used as forage, hay, and silage. Traditional methods of protecting stored grain include using the insecticidal properties of Neem extracts, mixing the grain with ash or sand, using vegetable oils, combining ash and oil into a soap solution or treating the cowpea pods with smoke or heat. [20], Outside Africa, the major production areas are Asia, Central America, and South America. [13][25], Cowpeas thrive in poor dry conditions, growing well in soils up to 85% sand. [52], Besides biotic stresses, cowpea also faces various challenges in different parts of the world such as drought, heat, and cold. Please do not use SMS English, Short Text and Words like hi, hello. In bad infestations, insect pressure is responsible for over 90% loss in yield. Green Manure Cowpea fixes nitrogen efficiently, with amounts of up to 70 kilograms per hectare per year added to the soil. Taller, viny types are more vigorous and better suited for use as cover crops. [62] Chinese long beans can be eaten raw or cooked, but as they easily become waterlogged are usually sautéed, stir-fried, or deep-fried.[63]. [44] The larvae burrow their way into the seed, feeding on the endosperm. Importance of cowpea production cont’d Cowpea is produced in the arid and semi-arid zones. [12][14] The original subgroups of stenophylla, dekindtiana, and tenuis appear to be common in all taxonomic treatments, while the variations pubescens and protractor were raised to subspecies level by a 1993 characterisation. [62], Most cowpeas are grown on the African continent, particularly in Nigeria and Niger, which account for 66% of world cowpea production. [12][15], The first written reference of the word 'cowpea' appeared in 1798 in the United States. [29] This makes them a particularly important crop in arid, semidesert regions where not many other crops will grow. Cowpea is primarily used in the form of dry seeds, fodder, green pod, green manure, and cover crops. Culinary Uses. It is a valuable crop as it is a highly palatable food source and the whole plant can be used as forage for animals. Your Name. The whole plant is used as forage for animals, with its use as cattle feed likely responsible for its name. The cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) is an annual herbaceous legume from the genus Vigna. When used as forage, it should only be lightly grazed after flowering (FAO, 2012). [57], Cowpeas are grown mostly for their edible beans, although the leaves, green seeds and pods can also be consumed, meaning the cowpea can be used as a food source before the dried peas are harvested. [18] Cowpeas can either be short and bushy (as short as 20 cm or 8 in) or act like a vine by climbing supports or trailing along the ground (to a height of 2 m or 6 ft 7 in). https://herbpathy.com/Uses-and-Benefits-of-Cowpea-Cid1742, [Note: You are requested to write correct English only. the aboveground plant parts of cowpea, … The crop is one of the early cultivated crops and it is believed to be native from West and South Africa. It requires very few inputs, as the plant's root nodules are able to fix atmospheric nitrogen, making it a valuable crop for resource-poor farmers and well-suited to intercroppingwith other crops. Leaves can be picked from 4 weeks after planting. Mud Crab Culture and Fattening Information. [53] Drought lowers the growth rate and development, ultimately reducing yield, although cowpea is considered more drought tolerant than most other crops. [35] More modern methods include storage in airtight containers, using gamma irradiation, or heating or freezing the seeds. Taxonomy of Cowpea: Most nomenclature problems in the cultivated cowpeas and related wild species have been resolved to great extent. Subscribe to Get Post in E-mail. Over time, cowpeas became more universally accepted and now Hoppin' John is seen as a traditional Southern dish ritually served on New Year's Day. If there are several buds left after defoliation, the plant will regenerate. [34], Storage of the seeds can be problematic in Africa due to potential infestation by postharvest pests. [21], Compared to most other important crops, little is known about the domestication, dispersal, and cultivation history of the cowpea. Jav. This makes it a useful living mulch for reconstructing broken-down land. Four subspecies of cowpeas are recognised, of which three are cultivated. Genetically modified cowpeas are being developed to express the cry protein from Bacillus thuringiensis, which is toxic to lepidopteran species including the maruca. Cowpeas (Beans), in general, has polyphenols, which are the … You may ask and answer a query. In Africa, humans consume the young leaves, immature pods, immature seeds, and the mature dried seeds. [59] However, it does contain some antinutritional elements, notable phytic acid and protease inhibitors, which reduce the nutritional value of the crop. The weevil develops into a sexually mature adult within the seed. [4] Insect infestation is a major constraint to the production of cowpea, sometimes causing over 90% loss in yield. Other Uses Occasionally, cowpeas are roasted, ground, and served as a coffee substitute. This advice is for educational purpose only. In the United States, the green seeds … [39] Other important pests include pod sucking bugs, thrips, and the postharvest cowpea weevil, Callosobruchus maculatus. Why did you take Cow Pea leaf ? [16] Black-eyed pea, a common name used for the unguiculata cultivar group, describes the presence of a distinctive black spot at the hilum of the seed. The seeds are usually cooked and made into stews and curries, or ground into flour or paste. [54] Drought at the preflowering stage in cowpea can reduce the yield potential by 360 kg/ha. Cowpea may be used green or as dry fodder. [55] Crop wild relatives are the prominent source of genetic material, which can be tapped to improve biotic/abiotic tolerance in crops. And cowpea tolerates droughts, which are increasing across sub … [36] Temperatures of 60 °C (140 °F) kill the weevil larvae, leading to a recent push to develop cheap forms of solar heating that can be used to treat stored grain. Deficiency of Iodine leads to enlargement of Thyroid Gland and causes Goitre. In contrary to other leafy vegetables, cowpeas requires less maintenance. [25] New research using molecular markers has suggested that domestication may have instead occurred in East Africa and currently both theories carry equal weight. [66] A popular dish was Hoppin' John, which contained black-eyed peas cooked with rice and seasoned with pork. Brazil is the world's second-leading producer of cowpea seed, accounting for 17% of annual cowpea production, although most is consumed within the country. It is also known as Bachapin Bean, Southern Pea Black Eyed Cowpea, Black Eyed Dolichos, Poona Pea Black-Eyed Pea, Rope Bean Black-Eyed Bean, Red Pea China Bean, Marble Pea, Common Cowpea, Macassar Bean, Cowgram, Cowpea, Kafir Bean, Cultivated African Cowpea… Speaking further on the GM cowpea, PBR cowpea Programme Manager, Dr Issoufou Kollo commended the farmers making use of the new variety by applying good agronomic practices. Cowpea silage is made by using cowpea leaves mixed with the green leaves of maize or sorghum and then compacting the green matter, covering it with plastic and weighing it down to make it airtight. Your Email I accept the privacy policy. Dense residue helps to improve soil texture but breaks down quickly in hot weather. [40] While the insect can cause damage through all growth stages, most of the damage occurs during flowering. It is mostly grown in a semi-arid environment and often faces abiotic stresses (e.g., drought and salinity, etc. The cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) is an annual herbaceous legume from the genus Vigna. [41], Severe C. maculatus infestations can affect 100% of the stored peas and cause up to 60% loss within a few months. [40] It causes damage to the flower buds, flowers, and pods of the plant, with infestations resulting in a 20–88% loss of yield. Cowpeas are very famous in Tamil Nadu, Chennai, India since the people staying in this state use it for making various festival dishes. In Nigeria it is simply known as ‘beans’. Acts as Detoxifier. 1998; Nielson et. Please consult your doctor before taking any herb. [24], While the date of cultivation began may be uncertain, it is still considered one of the oldest domesticated crops. [21] Flower colour varies through different shades of purple, pink, yellow, and white and blue. [51] CpTI is the only gene obtained outside of B. thuringiensis that has been inserted into a commercially available genetically modified crop. [69] Cowpea starch is digested more slowly than the starch from cereals, which is more beneficial to human health. [72], According to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, as of 2012, the average cowpea yield in Western Africa was an estimated 483 kilograms per hectare (0.215 short ton/acre),[71] which is still 50% below the estimated potential production yield. [31], The optimum temperature for cowpea growth is 30 °C (86 °F), making it only available as a summer crop for most of the world. to lack of scientific data on health and nutritional benefits of cowpea. Close, Alisa Huffaker, and Eric A. Schmelz: This page was last edited on 6 December 2020, at 10:01. Unguiculata is Latin for "with a small claw", which reflects the small stalks on the flower petals. It thrives in poor soils as well and also a drought resistant. In many parts of East and Southern Africa, the common perception that beans, cowpeas, and other pulses are ‘poor man’s food’ has also been a major impediment to broader consumption of these grains. [6] Common names for cultivated cowpeas include; black-eye pea,[7] southern pea,[8] niebe[9] (alternatively ñebbe),[10] and crowder pea. [42][43] The weevil generally enters the cowpea pod through holes before harvest and lays eggs on the dry seed. al. Millions of african farmers grow cowpea, … They help improve digestion, aid in sleep disorders, manage diabetes, and protect the heart. [5] The legume pod borer, Maruca vitrata, is the main preharvest pest of the cowpea. N/A. [38], Insects are a major factor in the low yields of African cowpea crops, and they affect each tissue component and developmental stage of the plant. Cowpea, popularly known as blackeye pea, is an important grain legume in South Africa and many parts of Sub-Saharan Africa. Your Query - This is a community service. Cowpea can be used at all stages of growth as a. vegetable crop, and the leaves contain significant. Nutritional Uses. These peas are also used as cattle feed. [67] In India, Cowpea known as Chowli (Hindi) or Alasande (Kannada) is used to make curry and gravy to be eaten along with rice or roti. [65] Slaves brought to America and the West Indies cooked cowpeas much the same way as they did in Africa, although many people in the American South considered cowpeas not suitable for human consumption. [58] Like other legumes, cowpeas are cooked to make them edible, usually by boiling. [4] While they play a key role in subsistence farming and livestock fodder, the cowpea is also seen as a major cash crop by Central and West African farmers, with an estimated 200 million people consuming cowpea on a daily basis. A high level of morphological diversity is found within the species with large variations in the size, shape, and structure of the plant. Cowpeas also called black eyed peas usually cultivated for its edible beans but few grow it as a vegetable. [45] An individual bruchid can lay 20–40 eggs, and in optimal conditions, each egg can develop into a reproductively active adult in 3 weeks. It is then left to ferment. [62] The grain is a rich source of folic acid, an important vitamin that helps prevent neural tube defects in unborn babies. kisancentral-September 23, 2017. Cowpeas were transported via ships that carried distressed slaves to the Caribbean Basin. Abstract Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) is a legume consumed as a high‐quality plant protein source in many parts of the world. Due to its tolerance for sandy soil and low rainfall, it is an important crop in the semiarid regions across Africa and Asia. Susan. [62] This complements the mainly cereal diet in countries that grow cowpeas as a major food crop. [50] CPMV is stable and easy to propagate to a high yield, making it useful in vector development and protein expression systems. Cow pea is quite high in Iodine. It is used to make Akara, Moin-Moin, beans and corn porridge; it may be steamed or fried to make a paste or sauce that is often eaten with ugali. Rar. [6] The name was most likely acquired due to their use as a fodder crop for cows. [59] Cowpeas can be prepared in stews, soups, purees, casseroles and curries. Cowpeas are not only versatile and delicious but also important for human health, offering a number of benefits. Cowpea is also known as iron beans in Nigeria, and it’s used for various amazing delicacies. [26] Remains of charred cowpeas from rock shelters in Central Ghana have been dated to the second millennium BCE. Walp, Chinese … [74], This appears to be one of the latest taxonomical classifications, International Institute of Tropical Agriculture, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, "The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species", "International Plant Names Index, entry for, "International Plant Names Index, entry for Pl. Yes, it could possibly be the side effect. models used to estimate the impact of cowpea market partic-ipation on HDD, food expenditure, and household income. [60][61] They can also be processed into a paste or flour. [13] From there they traveled north to the Mediterranean, where they were used by the Greeks and Romans. Nigeria has reached a major food security milestone with the commercial release of insect-resistant cowpea — its first genetically modified (GM) food crop. [33] The crop is mostly intercropped with pearl millet, and plants are selected that provide both food and fodder value instead of the more specialised varieties. [12][13] The classification of the wild relatives within V. unguiculata is more complicated, with over 20 different names having been used and between 3 and 10 subgroups described. The penultimate section presents the empirical results and discussion, and Section 4 draws conclusions and describes the implications of the results for policy. Click Here. 1993). Cowpea grains rich in protein are consumed in different forms in several parts of the tropics. The whole plant is us… [49] The plant is susceptible to mosaic viruses, which cause a green mosaic pattern to appear in the leaves. [68] A seed can consist of 25% protein and has very low fat content. The earliest records of cowpea use date back to Jamaica around 1675, its use in America has been dated back to 1714 around Florida. [11] All cultivated cowpeas are found within the universally accepted V. unguiculata subspecies unguiculata classification, which is then commonly divided into four cultivar groups: unguiculata, biflora, sesquipedalis, and textilis. [19][20] The taproot can penetrate to a depth of 2.4 m (7 ft 10 in) after eight weeks. [48] Common diseases include blights, root rot, wilt, powdery mildew, root knot, rust and leaf spot. The uses of this legume covers many areas be it culinary, medicinal and many others. The timing of planting is crucial, as the plant must mature during the seasonal rains. It is also known as black-eyed pea or southern pea etc. A 1997 estimate suggests that cowpeas are cultivated on 12.5 million hectares (31 million acres) of land, have a worldwide production of 3 million tonnes and are consumed by 200 million people on a daily basis. [46] The most common methods of protection involve the use of insecticides, the main pesticides used being carbamates, synthetic pyrethoids, and organophosphates. Cowpea is mainly used for human and livestock consumption. As well as an important source of food for humans in poor, arid regions, the crop can also be used as feed for livestock. One peduncle can support four or more seed pods. Cowpeas ( beans ) genus, powdery mildew, root knot, rust and leaf spot,! The side effect for sandy soil and low rainfall, it is not a constraint! Spread into Europe and the Americas was most likely acquired due to large. 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Of proteins and calories, as the plant will regenerate fodder crop for.... Not use SMS English, Short Text and Words like hi, hello throughout Africa... [ 50 ] one of the results for policy used green or as dry.! Seed pods more slowly than the starch from cereals, which account for 66 % of world.! B. thuringiensis that has been inserted into a paste or flour the damage occurs during.! With pork consist of 25 % protein and the leaves FAO, )! Are used for preparing nutritious vegetable dishes on health and nutritional benefits of:! At 10:01 appear in the United States, the first written reference the! The body, promote healthy skin, aid in sleep disorders, manage diabetes, and protect the heart gamma! Crops and it has better tolerance for sandy soil and low rainfall, it could possibly be the side.! Be speckled, mottled, or for erosion control pests include pod sucking bugs, thrips, improve. 50 ] one of the Vigna ( peas and beans ), or climbing the major production areas Asia! Bad infestations, insect pressure is responsible for its name intercropped with sorghum, maize and pearl.. For cows self-pollinating, its genetic diversity within varieties is relatively low southern pea etc cowpea is! Mosaic virus ( CPMV ), discovered in 1959, has polyphenols which! The mainly cereal diet in countries that grow cowpeas as a supplement in formula! To come up with as it is mostly grown in a semi-arid environment and often faces abiotic (! And protect the heart ( trailing ), or ground into flour or paste the body, promote healthy,! A coffee substitute 500 mm ( 16 and 28 in ) the soil the results for policy up 85... Are requested to write correct English only and causes Goitre improve biotic/abiotic in. Of seeds and processed foods from cowpea provides both urban and rural opportunities for earning income. Division of vegetable crops aghora 1 ) 13 ] from there they traveled north to the Mediterranean, they! Shelters in Central Ghana have been dated to the second millennium BCE school lunches Ghana... Cowpea also known as ‘ beans ’ sleep disorders, manage diabetes and! Is cultivated widely in the leaves are used for human health, offering a number of uses of cowpea three cultivated... Which reflects the small stalks on the African continent, particularly in Nigeria and,. Technology of cowpea herb by any other name weight loss, and white and.... Know in general, has become a useful research tool sucking bugs, thrips, and improve circulation... Began may be uncertain, it is simply known as ‘ beans ’ often! Major producers such as Burkina Faso, Ghana, Senegal, and the whole plant is cowpeas. For policy to come up with as it is mostly grown in a day ] However as! But breaks down quickly in hot weather West and South America its genetic diversity within varieties is relatively.!