They are an important barrier to the movements of air masses. The accommodation offers a continental or buffet breakfast. Poland and its southern neighbour Slovakia are separated by the mighty Carpathian Mountains, of which the highest part are the Tatras. After the Czech parliamentary elections in 1998, which brought Czech social democratic parties to power, ... in order to prevent the gap between high politics and ordinary people from widening. National Park High Tatras (Vysoke Tatry) is situated in the north of Slovakia, shared partly with Poland. On the other hand, the permeable border in the Tatra Mountains was also heavily used for cross-border smuggling of goods such as alcohol, tobacco, coffee, etc. We flew into Krakow in Southern poland in late September, the plan was to have a day to explore the city before getting a train south to the mountain town of Zakopane and start cycling a loop of this mountain range. Connection from Poland is a bit more complicated, with only one road connecting Zakopane and the Slovak part of the High Tatras through the border check point in … Free essays, homework help, flashcards, research papers, book reports, term papers, history, science, politics Malé Rysy (Slovak); Niżnie Rysy (Polish) - 2430 m (Slovakia/Poland), Východný Mengusovský štít (Slovak); Mięguszowiecki Szczyt Czarny (Polish) - 2410 m (Slovakia/Poland), Prostredný Mengusovský štít (Slovak); Mięguszowiecki Szczyt Pośredni (Polish) - 2393 m (Slovakia/Poland), Čubrina (Slovak); Cubryna (Polish) - 2376 m (Slovakia/Poland), Hrubý vrch (Slovak); Jarząbczy Wierch (Polish) - 2137 m (Slovakia/Poland), Veľká Kamenistá (Slovak); Kamienista (Polish) - 2126 m (Slovakia/Poland), Krzesanica - 2122 m (Slovakia/Poland) - summit of Czerwone Wierchy / Red Mountains, This page was last edited on 29 November 2020, at 04:27. The only mountains of Alpine type in the whole Carpathian Mountain range are often called “the smallest alpine mountains in Europe”. And let’s not forget – you can complete your day in magnificent mountains with bathing in thermal waters under the open skies in the evening. These towering peaks have inspired poets and writers for generations, with thrilling spires and craggy ridges, lush forests and peaceful mountain lakes. Maximum wind speed 288 km/h (179 mph) (6 May 1968). The inhabitants of the High Tatras live in the settlements situated along the “Road of Freedom“, which joins Western, High and Belianske Tatras together. The Tatras became an unoccupied borderland. Nevertheless many trails are known for there difficulty. Precipitation occurs from 215 to 228 days a year. Since then, it is legal to cross the border at any point (i.e. When we say High Tatras, we mean majestic peaks touching to the sky, dark turquoise mountain lakes of glacier origin, waterfalls, unique plants, rare animals like chamois (mountain goat) or marmot, exceptionally clean air and environment great for healing respiratory conditions. Tatry - The smallest mountains in the biggest detail. UIAA members can climb them without a certified guide, but not using the normal (easiest) routes (from the III degree of difficulty). The distribution of plants depends on altitude: The Tatra Mountains are home to many species of animals: 54 tardigrades, 22 turbellarians, 100 rotifers, 22 copepods, 162 spiders, 81 molluscs, 43 mammals, 200 birds, 7 amphibians and 2 reptiles. In Poland, the trails are open year-round. VT travel s.r.o. (Slovakia)", "Official website of Polish Tatra National Park", "Tatrzański Park Narodowy na 12. miejscu w rankingu", The High Tatras - Accommodation and Tourism. The High Tatra National Park in Slovakia is the largest in the nation. Koscielec. REALIGRO FREE ADVERT Cod. They are also the smallest alpine mountains in the world. For of its height and breathtaking scenery it is one of the most visited and challenging peaks. The Slovak Tatra National Park (Tatranský národný park; TANAP) was founded in 1949 (738 km2, 285 sq mi), and the contiguous Polish Tatra National Park (Tatrzański Park Narodowy) in 1954 (215.56 km2, 83.23 sq mi). The Tatra Mountains have a diverse variety of plant life. The Tatras have many high-lying lakes, hanging valleys, and summer and winter sports resorts. The jewel of the High Tatras is Mount Kriváň (2,495 m), and its famous curved profile is an important symbol in Slovak art and culture. Syllabic r often has vowels on both sides in Polish, so in case of Tarty we can reconstruct the name to Tartry, where the vowel a originated before the syllabic r which dissimilated. Krivan became the symbol of the freedom of Slovaks and since 1955, traditional national walks have been devoted to the Slovak National Uprising and the local heroes. [citation needed], The most famous tourist destination in Poland is Zakopane,[citation needed] but the developed tourist base also includes Kościelisko, Poronin, Biały Dunajec, Bukowina Tatrzańska, Białka Tatrzańska, Murzasichle, Małe Ciche, Ząb, Jurgów, Brzegi. The Tatra Mountains, Tatras, or Tatra (Tatry either in Slovak (pronounced [ˈtatri]) or in Polish (pronounced [ˈtatrɨ]) - plurale tantum), is a mountain range that forms a natural border between Slovakia and Poland. We have reviews of the best places to see in Tatra National Park. Get our newsletter with latest articles, cool new places and travel discounts. Learn how and when to remove this template message, Veľký Mengusovský štít (Slovak); Mięguszowiecki Szczyt Wielki (Polish), Klin (Slovak); Starorobociański Wierch (Polish), Kasprov vrch (Slovak); Kasprowy Wierch (Polish), International Union for Conservation of Nature, "A 1930's ski-movie, filmed in Tatras, Poland", Tatrzańskie Ochotnicze Pogotowie Ratunkowe, "Tatra Mountains. In 1889, a Polish Count Władysław Zamoyski purchased at auction the Zakopane region along with the area around Morskie Oko. The average wind speed on the summits is 6 m/s. [12] Volunteers however initiate litter removal events frequently, on both sides of the border. meters); the granitic High Tatra, which includes the tallest peaks in the range (Gerlach, at 2655 meters); and the Western Tatras, which are also limestone and up to 2200 meters in elevation. Play full screen, enjoy Puzzle of the Day and thousands more. Indeed, those who did cross elsewhere were frequently fined or even detained by border police of both countries. From the top, we gain a dramatic 360-degree view of more than 100 peaks. Wildlife", "The Tatra Mountains and Tatra National Park", "Europe & North America: 297 biosphere reserves in 36 countries", "Multi-scale interactions between disturbances and ecological and socioeconomical changes – case study High Tatra Mts. Only trails from settlements up to the mountain huts are open. [9] Three million cubic metres of trees were uprooted, two people died, and several villages were totally cut off. By the end of the First Polish Republic, the border with the Kingdom of Hungary in the Tatras was not exactly defined. Welcome to Journal Edge, My name is Vikas Acharya, and I’m a Travel Writer for Journal Edge. The only mountains of Alpine type in the whole Carpathian Mountain range are often called "the smallest alpine mountains in Europe". Features. You will find the highest situated Astronomical and Meteorological Observatory in Slovakia on the top. Some hikes belong to real rock climbing using steal chains, ladders and some rungs. A new round of border disputes between Poland and Czechoslovakia started immediately after the end of the First World War, when these two countries were established. Hire a skilled mountain guide to lead you, otherwise it’s hardly possible (and forbidden) to get there. Many trees were cut down to make way for humans. Maximum thickness on the summit amounts to: Peaks are sometimes covered with snow or ice throughout the year. Weather. Under two hours by car from the historic city of Krakow, visitors to Poland will find the rugged peaks of the High Tatra mountains. Avalanches are frequent. The Tatra Mountains occupy an area of 785 square kilometres (303 sq mi), of which about 610 square kilometres (236 sq mi) (77.7%) lie within Slovakia and about 175 square kilometres (68 sq mi) (22.3%) within Poland. The most notable mammals are the Tatra chamois, marmot, snow vole, brown bear, wolf, Eurasian lynx, red deer, roe deer, and wild boar. The rest of the peaks on the Slovak side (including the highest one - Gerlachovský štít) can only be accessed when accompanied by a certified mountain guide. [citation needed] The tragic death of Polish philosopher Bronisław Bandrowski is often used by guides as a cautionary tale for tourists. Here you can register for our e-mail newsletter with news from High Tatras: Contact. Thunderstorms occur 36 days a year on average.[7]. [11], The highest point in the Tatra Mountains that can be freely accessed by a labeled trail is Rysy. From Czech Republic Austria, west and east Slovakia you can use a motorway 'D1', from Hungary roads of 1 class and part of motorway 'R1'. A large, two storey brick town house for sale on a plot sized 892 m2 in the vicinity of the High Tatra mountain range, directly in the heart of Levoča... Add to favourites Details. Hiking the beautiful mountains of Slovakia and Poland. In 1824, Zakopane region and area around Morskie Oko were purchased from the authorities of the Austrian Empire by a Hungarian Emanuel Homolacs. Švábovce 69, 059 12 Švábovce IČO 53051939 , DIČ 2121250153. [citation needed], Orla Perć is considered the most difficult and dangerous mountain trail in the entire Tatras, a suitable destination only for experienced tourists and climbers. Over 100 individuals have lost their lives on the route since it was first established. This region attracts hikers in the summer and skiers in the winter and is rapidly increasing in popularity. Please read the Privacy Policy and Cookies Policy. Show weather report, Nový Smokovec, 062 01 Vysoké Tatry, Zámocká 769, 064 01 Stará Ľubovňa, Námestie osloboditeľov 1120/31, 040 01. The term Tatra also appears as a general term in Slovak for barren or stony land, and also in Little Russia for rocks and little stones in a river. The Tatras are a mountain range of a corrugated nature, originating from the Alpine orogeny, and therefore characterized by a relatively young-looking lie of the land, quite similar to the landscape of the Alps, although significantly smaller. Climbing has been banned in the Western and Bielskie Tatras since shortly after the formation of Tatra … The High Tatras are a mountain range that span the border between Poland and Slovakia. The Tatras' length, measured from the eastern foothills of the Kobylí vrch (1109 m) to the southwestern foot of Ostrý vrch (1128 m), in a straight line, is 57 km (35 mi) (or 53 km (33 mi) according to some),[2] and strictly along the main ridge, 80 km (50 mi). [citation needed]. This situation finally improved in 2007, with both countries accessing the Schengen Area. between Poland and Czechoslovakia. Krivan (2.494 m / 8.182 ft) belongs to the Western Tatras and is the most popular amongst Slovaks. [5], Machek in 1931 favored the theory of the Polish linguist Rozwadowski with a syllabic r like in the words chrt (Czech hound), smrt (Czech death). Tatras can be proud of their heavily frequented skiing areas (alpine, downhill and cross-country). The range is only 19 km (12 mi) wide. Located south of Krakow the region is inhabited by Gorale – highlanders, an ethnic group of independent culture and dialect. High Tatras are beautiful mountains for hiking in Slovakia and Poland. He committed suicide after he was trapped for days on a rocky ledge in one of the trails near Zakopane. This holiday presents the pristine beauty of Poland's highlands and Krakow. The High Tatras (Vysoké Tatry), the tallest range in the Carpathian Mountains, occupy a near-mythic place in Slovak hearts. Hiking paths are ranging from gentle to highly demanding. Today It lies exclusively within the Polish part of the Tatras, was conceived in 1901 by Franciszek Nowicki, a Polish poet and mountain guide, and was built between 1903-1906. Works s.r.o. Definitely very best place to hike for me. other than strictly bilateral ones, with its Visegrad neighbours, Slovakia, Hungary, and Poland. Vysoké Tatry Travel s.r.o. Brożek, Anna; Chybińska, Alicja; Jadacki, Jacek; Woleński, Jan (2015). The High Tatras are located in the Carpathian Mountains. The highest precipitation figures are recorded on the northern slopes. The expansive area has hikes for all abilities and the views are breathtaking. High Tatras are the smallest high altitude mountain range in Europe. It’s called the HIGH Tatras for good reason, but as it turned out Slovakia was to be a great choice with 18 month old Orrin. [citation needed], Most of the peaks in the Western Tatras (on both sides of the border), including the main ridge are freely accessible by hiking trails. Two of these (Rysy and Svinica/Świnica) are located on the border with Poland and accessible from the Polish side. Hotel Aquarion Zakopane offers 4-star accommodation with a sauna and terrace. Describes the network of graded, waymarked routes, suggests itineraries and gives full information on walking in the Tatras. Moreover, pollution from the industrialized regions of Kraków in Poland or Ostrava in Czech Republic, as well as casual tourism, cause substantial damage. They were fruitless until 1897, and the case went to an international court which determined on 13 September 1902 the exact course of the Austro-Hungarian border in the disputed area. Instantly recognisable, the crooked summit of Mount Kriváň (2495m) has become a national symbol in literature and popular culture, with some Slovaks swearing it's their national duty to climb it. On 19 November 2004, large parts of the forests in the southern Slovak part of the High Tatras were damaged by a strong wind storm. The Tatras are a mountain range of a corrugated nature, originating from the Alpine orogeny, and therefore characterized by a relatively young-looking lie of the land, quite similar to the landscape of the Alps, although significantly smaller. Be careful! The Tatras lie in the temperate zone of Central Europe. The High Tatras, with their 24 (or 25) peaks exceeding 2,500 m above sea level, together with the Southern Carpathians, represent the only form of alpine landscape in the entire 1,200 kilometres (746 miles) length of arc of the Carpathians. Hotels in Tatras that offer highly-rated breakfasts include Dom Wczasowy Jędrol, Nosalowy Park Hotel & Spa, and Hotel REDYK Ski&Relax. [citation needed], In the Slovak part most of the hiking trails in the Tatras are closed from 1 November to 15 June. Their mountainous topography causes one of the most diverse climates in that region. Book your tickets online for the top things to do in Tatra National Park, Poland on Tripadvisor: See 1,458 traveler reviews and photos of Tatra National Park tourist attractions. They are the highest mountain range in the Carpathian Mountains. The trails starts at popular … Švábovce 69, 059 12 Švábovce IČO 46569782, DIČ 2023439660 IČ DPH: SK2023439660. After an hours-long ascending, there is not a better feeling than a beautiful breathtaking view from the very top of the peak. The High Tatras are the highest mountains in Slovakia and Poland. The path is marked with red signs. & A.I. You can visit the High Tatras from Poland or Slovakia. In fact, most of the Slovak ski resorts are situated here. Machek stresses that the name has no Slavic origin and mentions Rozwadowski's theory of an Illyrian origin because of a connection with a Herzegovian highland called Tatra, thus taken from local inhabitants. Nevertheless it is the entrance to High Tatras Nationalpark and if you take your time to research locally you still find some peace in nature. Despite being a relatively small region, it packs a punch: valleys, waterfalls, and endless snow-capped peaks. Gerlachovský štít (2,655 metres or 8,711 feet), the highest peak in Slovakia, Kriváň (2,495 metres or 8,186 feet), the country's symbol on 1,2 and 5 euro cents, View from Lomnický štít (2,634 metres or 8,642 feet), Skalnaté pleso Observatory (1,751 metres or 5,745 feet), In 1683, an anonymous author published a book of adventures and excursions in the Tatras. They are home to more than 1,000 species of vascular plants, about 450 mosses, 200 liverworts, 700 lichens, 900 fungi, and 70 slime moulds. This trip offers the great opportunity to experience the great change of scenery from the verdant Western Tatras to the The High Tatras, with their dramatic vistas, steep peaks, sharp rocks, deep glens, and crystal lakes. The High Tatras range is the smallest alpine mountain range in the world, although it is also considered a part of the larger Carpathian range. In June and July, monthly precipitation reaches around 250 mm (10 in). This brought considerable difficulties to hikers, as it was illegal to cross the border without passing through an official border checkpoint, and for many decades there were no checkpoints for hikers anywhere on the border ridge. Of course, rules of the national parks on both sides of the border still apply and they restrict movement to official hiking trails and (especially on the Slovak side) mandate extensive seasonal closures in order to protect wildlife. The High Tatras are the smallest high altitude mountain range in Europe. [4], In 2013, the International Union for Conservation of Nature threatened to cancel the Slovak TANAP's status of a national park because of the large investments (mainly in skiing infrastructure) in the park, which seriously interfere with the landscape and nature. One of the best hotels. [citation needed]. [citation needed]. [citation needed][8]. The skiing season begins in the middle of December and continues through to April. Find what to do today, this weekend, or in January. Has stunning scenery and wildlife. In the Slovak part of the Eastern Tatras, only seven peaks (out of 48 with prominence of at least 100 m) are accessible by hiking trails (Rysy, Svinica/Świnica, Slavkovský štít, Kriváň, Kôprovský štít, Východná Vysoká, and Jahňací štít). One of these border crossings was created in the Tatra Mountains themselves, on the summit of the Rysy peak. The highest peak in the High Tatras (and the Carpathian Mountains) is Gerlachovský štít at 2,655 meters. The only alpine mountains in Poland with altitude 2000 m+. The endemic arthropod species include a caddis fly, spider Xysticus alpicola[10] and a springtail. [6] The name is also close to the Ukrainian word for gravel, toltry.[5]. It is said that every Slovak has to climb to the top at least once in his lifetime. There are five climatic-vegetation belts in the Tatras. [13] The two parks were added jointly to the UNESCO Biosphere Reserve list in 1993. Still another is in 1125, where the Kosmas chronicles (Chronica Boemorum) mention the name Tatri. National Park High Tatras (Vysoke Tatry) is situated in the north of Slovakia, shared partly with Poland. [citation needed], The Polish "national mountain" (featured prominently in myths and folklore) is Giewont, while the Slovak one is Kriváň. There are three main parts of High Tatras: They differ in their geological composition and location. Notable fish include the brown trout and alpine bullhead. During the Second World War there were multiple attempts by both sides of the conflict to occupy more land, but the final treaty signed in 1958 (valid until present day) preserved the border line agreed in 1925. It is the highest mountain range within the Carpathians. Tomorrow In the 18th and 19th centuries, the mountains were used for sheep grazing and mining. -2°C / -7°C Due to numerous disputes over land ownership in the late 19th century, attempts were made at the delimitation of the border. [citation needed], In Slovakia, the most important tourist base is the city Vysoké Tatry, consisting of three parts: Štrbské Pleso, Starý Smokovec and Tatranská Lomnica. Although these activities were stopped, the impact is still visible. It is another beautiful, full day trip in the Tatra Mountains. Therefore, these mountains are a popular winter sports area, with resorts such as Poprad and the town Vysoké Tatry (The Town of High Tatras) in Slovakia created in 1999, including former separate resorts: Štrbské Pleso, Starý Smokovec, and Tatranská Lomnica or Zakopane, called also "winter capital of Poland". The Carpathian Mountains are the second longest mountain range in Europe, stretching from the Czech Republic, across Poland and Slovakia, and reaching Serbia, Romania, and Moldova. In Polish, the term Tatry is firstly mentioned in 1255. They rise against the southern plains of the country in a sudden bulwark of chiselled granite, soaring to snow-topped pinnacles. 360 - a spherical panoramic journey in 1583 pieces, Astonishing Vintage Images of the Tatra Mountains, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Tatra_Mountains&oldid=991263650, Mountain ranges of the Western Carpathians, Wikidata value to be checked for Infobox mountain, Pages using infobox mountain with multiple parameters, Articles needing additional references from October 2018, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2018, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2011, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, in Poland - Kasprowy Wierch: 355 cm (140 in). A self guided winter snow walking holiday in the High Tatras. The eastern High Tatras are called Roháče and the western High Tatras are called Belianské Tatras. Among other claims, Poland claimed ownership of a large part of the Spiš region. Two years later, the First Partition of Poland allocated the lands to Austria. In 1992, UNESCO jointly designated the Polish and Slovak parks a transboundary biosphere reserve in the World Network of Biosphere Reserves, under its Man and the Biosphere Programme. Breakfast at these hotels in Tatras are also highly-rated: Hotel Paryski Art & Business, Hotel Toporów, and Hotel Bania Thermal & Ski. 27590 For sale House, Slovakia, High Tatras, Slovenská Ves, 232 Slovenská Ves, Kežmarok. Visit top-rated & must-see attractions. Tatra cottages are situated at the foot of the High Tatras, in a quiet forest environment of the Tatranska Strba cottage settlement - Lieskovec,... more Common price from 17,00 € person / night In Czech this syllabic is sometimes with vowels i, e or u for example črný – černý, so the Czech reconstruction from Tritri/Tritry would be Trtry. The Tatras are protected by law by the establishment of the Tatra National Park, Slovakia and the Tatra National Park, Poland, which are jointly entered in UNESCO's World Network of Biosphere Reserves. Mountain Lake, High Tatras, Poland puzzle in Great Sightings jigsaw puzzles on TheJigsawPuzzles.com. Hikers wear good technical clothes, hiking shoes are mandatory. Superb trekking and easy scrambling through wilderness Eastern Europe Straddling the border between Poland and Slovakia, the magnificent High Tatras are the highest part of the spectacular Carpathian Mountains and present a genuine wilderness setting for trekking adventures. The highest point in Poland, Rysy, at 2,499 m (8200 ft), is located south of Zakopane, on the border with Slovakia.[1][2]. The Tatras are divided into: The High Tatras (majestic peaks, turquoise glacier lakes, waterfalls) The Low Tatras (caves, waterfalls and forests) Further damage was done by a subsequent forest fire, and it will take many years until the local ecology is fully recovered. When Austria-Hungary was formed in 1867, the Tatra Mountains have become a natural border between the two states of the dual monarchy, but the border itself still has not been exactly determined. Well, they’re actually a mountain range along the border of northern Slovakia and southern Poland. Gerlachovsky Stit (2.655 m / 8.710 ft) is the highest of the High Tatras and of Slovakia. After several years of border conflicts, the first treaty (facilitated by the League of Nations) was signed in 1925, with Poland receiving a small northernmost part of the Spiš region, immediately outside (to the north-east of) the Tatra Mountains, thus not changing the border in the mountains themselves. It became very popular in Europe and contributed to the growth of tourism in the Tatras. [4], The first written record of the name is from 999, when the Bohemian Duke Boleslaus II, on his deathbed, recalled when the Duchy of Bohemia extended to the Tritri montes. Another mention is in the 1086 document from Henry IV, wherein he referred to the Diocese of Prague with Tritri mountains. It is the highest mountain range within the Carpathians. You can enjoy skiing or snowboarding in high altitudes (> 1.500m), beyond the forest treeline. It consists of the internal mountain chains of: The overall nature of the Tatras, together with their easy accessibility, makes them a favorite with tourists and researchers. It is unknown how the Slovak term looked like until the 17th century when the form Tatry is firstly mentioned and was probably taken from Polish and later found its way into Czech and Hungarian. Temperatures also vary depending on the altitude and sun exposure of a given slope. Entrance sign to High Tatras Nationalpark. The Tatras are distinct from the Low Tatras (Slovak: Nízke Tatry), a separate Slovak mountain range further south. A luxurious 5-star hotel in the High Tatras WELCOME TO A FAIRYTALE ON THE BANK OF LAKE STRBSKE PLESO A unique combination of historic buildings that are embraced by the Tatras and considered national monuments guarantees spoiling relaxation … The nearest road border crossings were Tatranská Javorina - Łysa Polana and Podspády - Jurgów in the east, and Suchá Hora - Chocholów in the west. However, there were still many other peaks and passes where hiking trails ran across the border, but where crossing remained illegal. GBP 640/8 days. On 20 November 1770, under the guise of protection against the epidemic of plague in the Podolia, an Austrian army entered into Polish land and formed a cordon sanitaire, seizing Sądecczyzna, Spiš and Podhale. The highest peak in Slovakia - Gerlachovský štít (2655 m) is … Only in 1999, more than 80 years after the dissolution of the Austrian Empire, the governments of Poland and Slovakia signed an agreement designating several unstaffed border crossings (with only irregular spot checks by border police) for hikers and cyclists on the 444 km-long Slovak-Polish border. no further official checkpoints were designated). -3°C / -8°C Slovakia.com © 1996 - 2021 Pro Region Slovakia s.r.o. This region is known as the Tatra National Park and consists of 4 parts, namely: Belianske Tatras, High Tatras, Low Tatras and Western Tatras. You can play table tennis at the hotel, and the area is popular for hiking and skiing. This theory is supported by Hungarian forms of term Turtur, Turtul, Tortol from 12th to 14th centuries. Temperatures below 0 °C (32 °F) last for 192 days on the summits. The Slovakian High Tatras mountains are in 3 main parts – The Western, Central (High) and Belianske Tatras. [3] The main ridge of the Tatras runs from the village of Huty at the western end to the village of Ždiar at the eastern end. The highest peak, called Gerlach, at 2,655 m (8710 ft), is located north of Poprad, entirely in Slovakia. Fully-updated fourth edition of this comprehensive guide to hiking and scrambling in the High Tatras mountains between Poland and Slovakia, and the White and Western Tatras ranges. With the collapse of the Austrian Empire in 1918 and the creation of Poland and Czechoslovakia, the Tatra Mountains started to be divided by international border. As it later turned out, its author was Daniel Speer, born in Wrocław, who for a time lived in the sub-Tatra region. This claim also included additional parts of the Tatra Mountains. The Tatras region is forming an area on the border of Slovakia and Poland. Stretching for 64.0km along the frontier between Slovakia and Poland, the High Tatras are Central Europe’s most romantic mountains. Extreme temperatures range from −40 °C (−40 °F) in the winter to 33 °C (91 °F) in warmer months. Navigating through paths, you will feel utmost respect to narrow rocky ridges falling steeply down to glacier-cut valleys. Which one you choose depends on your traveling style and how much time you have to spend here. Lomnicky Stit (2.634 m / 8.642 ft) is possibly the most visited peak, probably because of its accessibility by cable car. At their foot lie several historical regions, among them the colourful Podhale and Spisz. With the Slovakian-Polish frontier running along the summits, the area embraces two national parks: Tatra National Park (Poland), occupying 82 square miles (212 square km), and Tatry National Park (Slovakia), occupying 286 square miles (741 square km). It’s peaks form the smallest alpine mountain range in Europe offer hikes and climbs for every skill level. 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