Along with the scientific name and classification of Cowpea, know about other Cowpea Facts. stenophylla Harv. It gives you the idea of how the plant looks, where the seed pod will be, what the seed will be like, etc. Vigna unguiculata, family Leguminosae ‘Other crop plants like peppers, cowpeas, clovers, legumes, and many others will be studied in the future.’ 2017; Hall 2004; Timko … 5). Cowpeas are also called Black-eyed peas, for their black spot on the oval-shaped, cream coloured bean. In scientific classification of Cowpea, Family is a main factor. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. This article was most recently revised and updated by, International Institute of Tropical Agriculture - Cowpea, cowpea - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Regarding cowpea usage, all households in Cowpea, (Vigna unguiculata), also called black-eyed pea or southern pea, annual plant within the pea family (Fabaceae) grown for its edible legumes. Cowpeas are native to Africa where they were domesticated over 4000 years ago. Cowpea mosaic virus (CPMV) is the type member of the genus Comovirus which includes 13 additional members in the family Comoviridae. The plants are thought to be native to West Africa and are widely cultivated in warm regions around the world. The earliest records of cowpea use date back to Jamaica around 1675, its use in America has been dated back to 1714 around Florida. The plants are heat-adapted and drought-tolerant. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership. Binomial name; Vigna unguiculata Walp. The elites of England actually considered it food just for the cows and preferred the English pea instead. and has multiple uses like food, feed, forage, fodder, green manuring and vegetable. In addition to their use as a protein-rich food crop, cowpeas are extensively grown as a hay crop and as a green manure or cover crop. In scientific classification of Cowpea, Family is a main factor. Due to its tolerance for sandy soil and low rainfall, it is an important crop in the semiarid regions across Africa and Asia. Cowpea Kingdom and all the other plant kingdom are Plantae. n cowpea The cow-pea is a bean rather than a pea, having large leaves with three leaflets and seeds frequently oblong or kidney-shaped. In the scientific classification of plants from kingdom to species, the Cowpea Kingdom is an important factor in the taxonomy of plants. 1 A plant of the pea family native to the Old World tropics, cultivated for its edible pods and seeds. Abstract. v ABSTRACT Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp) is an important annual leguminous crop in semi-arid and tropics, where it is mainly grown for consumption and livestock feeding. The white, purple, or pale-yellow flowers usually grow in pairs or threes at the ends of long stalks. 2. Vigna triloba var. Genus is a group of plants which are related to each other in some or the other way. When she got married few decades ago, Salame continued farming and keeping livestock to support her new family, mainly in sorghum and cowpea production. 7.1) is a cowpea producer and processor in the Local Government Area of Dawakin Tofa.She grew up in a farming community where crop- livestock integration is a tradition. Cowpea scientific name is “Vigna Unguiculata”. So far, Cowpea farmers said the new beans variety Pod Borer Resistant (PBR) Cowpea (SAMPEA 20-T) has reduced cost of production compared to what was spent on the conventional variety. Cowpea, (Vigna unguiculata), annual plant within the pea family (Fabaceae) grown for its edible legumes. An annual African plant (Vigna unguiculata) in the pea family, widely cultivated in warm regions for food, forage, and soil improvement. Cowpea mosaic virus (CPMV) is the type member of the genus Comovirus which includes 13 additional members in the family Comoviridae. Cowpea also known as Vigna unguiculata is a legume of the family Fabaceae ⁄ Leguminosae. Family: Fabaceae. (kou′pē′) n. 1. This page was last changed on 16 December 2020, at 17:59. Cowpea, Vigna unguiculata, is an important grain legume adapted to the sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) where it contributes to the nutrition, health, and income of rural and suburban inhabitants. Cowpeas constitute an integral part of South Indian cuisines. The black-eyed pea is an example. Subsequently, it has been found to occur in Nigeria, Kenya, Tanzania, Japan, Surinam, and Cuba. Cowpea definition is - a sprawling herb (Vigna unguiculata synonym V. sinensis) of the legume family related to the bean and widely cultivated in the southern U.S. for forage, green manure, and edible seeds; also : its edible seed —called also black-eyed pea, field pea. Cowpea genus and other classification is necessary information to know for every botanist. Cowpeas were transported via ships that carried distressed slaves to the Caribbean Basin. In Telegu, which is another Indian language the cowpea is called ‘alasandulu’. A Kingdom is the second highest taxonomic rank. They were initially used for feeding cattle, which earns them the typical name. In both senses also called black-eyed pea. Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L. Walp) (Pasquet 1998) also known as black-eyed pea, bachapin bean, southern pea, crowder pea, China pea and cow gram is an herbaceous legume belonging to the family Fabaceae.It is well adapted to harsh arid climates and low fertile soils and more drought- and heat-tolerant than most of its legume relatives (Carvalho et al. Cowpea is a legume that is extensively grown throughout sub-Saharan Africa. The cowpea CO-like gene family has several interesting features. cowpea, black-eyed pea, or black-eyed bean, annual legume (Vigna sinensis) of the pulse pulse, in botany, common name for members of the Fabaceae (Leguminosae), a large plant family, called also the pea, or legume, family. Family : Leguminaceae Cowpea is known as drought hardy nature, its wide and droopy leaves keeps soils and soil moisture conserved due to shading effect. Cowpea production in family plots is quite popular in both regions, suggesting that cowpea should no longer be considered just a “women’s crop.” Different varieties of crops are sold in the south, whereas cowpea is a major cash crop in the north. Cowpeas eventually travele… Cowpea is one of the oldest source of human food. Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L.) vegetable plays a vital role in the health and nutritional security of human being and it belongs to the family of fabaceae, is a diploid with chromosome number 2n=22 and genome size is 600 Mb. Cowpea is primarily used in the form of dry seeds, fodder, green pod, green manure, and cover crops. Further scientific classification of Cowpea is as follows: Along with Cowpea, scientific classification is also important. Cowpea crop is a Kharif legume crop and is grown across India for seeds, green pods, animal fodder, and organic green manure. Birds, especially of the parrot family, could be a problem for Cowpea crops, as they can pull-up emerging seedlings and feed on developing green pods. n cowpea A plant, Vigna Catiang. American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. In addition to their use as a protein-rich food crop, cowpeas are extensively grown Cowpeas are called ‘lobhia’ according to the Hindi language. Species: V. unguiculata. CPMV was first isolated from an infected cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) plant in Nigeria in 1959. The plant's Family is Fabaceae. Two cowpea genes, VuCOL1 and VuCOL2, clustering together within Group I are clearly the closest homologs of the Arabidopsis CO, COL1, and COL2 genes (Figure (Figure5). Updates? Cowpea, Vigna unguiculata, is a climbing annual in the family Fabaceae grown for its edible seeds and pods.The cowpea plant is usually erect and possess ribbed stems and smooth trifoliate leaves which are arranged alternately on the stems. Genus: Vigna. The cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) is one of several species of the widely grown genus Vigna. Corrections? The cowpea ( Vigna unguiculata) is an annual herbaceous legume from the genus Vigna. Cowpea family is the family in which it has some properties in common with other plants in that family. In general, all living organisms are divided into kingdoms in the form of a classification chart. Cowpea family is the family in which it has some properties in common with other plants in that family. ssp. Subfamily: Faboideae. The plants are thought to be native to West Africa and are widely cultivated in warm regions around the world. The pods are long and cylindrical and can grow 20–30 cm (8–12 inches) long, depending on the cultivar. Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L.) is an important legume, especially in the hot, dry tropics and subtropics of sub-Saharan Africa. Omissions? By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Cowpeas are typically climbing or trailing vines that bear compound leaves with three leaflets. Yardlong bean (Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp. Cowpeas are a very important legume crop in many parts of Asia, Africa, and other arid parts of the world. pea. We have over 50,000 free transparent PNG images available to download today. The pods of these beans are called Lobia or Cowpeas. Experts agree that cowpeas belong to the botanical species Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp. There are six kingdoms: Plantae, Animalia, Fungi, Protista, Archaea/Archaeabacteria and Bacteria Eubacteria. Cowpea is a type of bean, which is lengthy and green in colour. Cowpeas are basically annual crops grown for their leaves and seed. See pea. (IPM CRSP, 2000). CPMV was first isolated from an infected cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) plant in Nigeria in 1959. Download free Cowpea transparent images in your personal projects or share it as a cool sticker on Tumblr, WhatsApp, Facebook Messenger, Wechat, Twitter or in other messaging apps. The plant's Family is Fabaceae. It is a subsistence crop, often intercropped with sorghum, maize and pearl millet. The grain provides valuable protein and the leaves are used as a nutritious vegetable. George Washington imported cowpeas from Jamaica around 1797. You can also know the genus of all the plants which fall under List of Vegetables. It is also known as black-eyed pea or southern pea etc. Cowpea is a highly nutritious, multi-purpose crop, used as a leafy vegetable and grain legume with potential to contribute to food security in marginal areas. Ms. Hadja Salame Shaibu (Fig. Synonyms; Vigna sinensis. Subsequently, it has been found to occur in Nigeria, Kenya, Tanzania, Japan, Surinam, and Cuba. An edible seed of this plant. Taxonomy of Cowpea: Most nomenclature problems in the cultivated cowpeas and related wild species have been resolved to great extent. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). The growth habit is climbing, spreading or erect and they belong to the bean family (Leguminosae) (Papilionaceae). It has been widely reported to be drought tolerant. The plant produces clusters of flowers at the end of a peduncle (flower stalk) and 2–3 seed pods per peduncle. Their corresponding functional … It is also known as Bachapin Bean, Southern Pea Black Eyed Cowpea, Black Eyed Dolichos, Poona Pea Black-Eyed Pea, Rope Bean Black-Eyed Bean, Red Pea China Bean, Marble Pea, Common Cowpea, Macassar Bean, Cowgram, Cowpea, Kafir Bean, Cultivated African Cowpea, Crowder Bean, Field … It gives you the idea of how the plant looks, where the seed pod will be, what the seed will be like, etc. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. These versatile and hardy peas from the Vigna genus are able to grow in harsh, unforgiving climates, providing people in those areas with a dense form of nutrients. The crop has good morphological and biochemical qualities which make it Cowpeas were cultivated long ago, some 5 to 6 thousand years ago in West Africa. 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