In photosynthesis, the source of energy while in cellular respiration, chemical bonds are the source of energy. Cellular respiration takes place in the every living organisms, as it is the simple process of converting oxygen and glucose into carbon dioxide and water and ultimately producing energy for the cells of the body. The chloroplast uses the energy harnessed from these photons and their interaction with the cytochromes and other proteins to drive the formation of glucose. Photosynthesis and cellular respiration are two cellular processes that occur in organisms in order to produce energy. 2. These organisms are also called as photoautotrophs. Summary. What is Photosynthesis Let us explore more differences between cellular respiration and photosynthesis Moreover, a further difference between photosynthesis and cellular respiration is that the photosynthesis utilizes carbon dioxide and water and produces glucose and oxygen while cellular respiration utilizes glucose and oxygen and produces carbon dioxide, water, and energy. STUDY. The chemical energy formed during photosynthesis process is then stored in carbohydrate molecules that is then synthesized from water and carbon dioxide. 2. The biggest difference between photosynthesis and respiration is that photosynthesis only occurs in plants and some bacteria while respiration occurs in all living organisms. 3. It takes place in all the living cells of plant. You can edit this Venn Diagram using Creately diagramming tool and include in your report/presentation/website. Create. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Copyright © 2010-2018 Difference Between. Overview and Key Difference The reactants for cellular respiration are … These are the two reciprocal process, with the same aim of obtaining energy but by using different … Respiration vs. Photosynthesis The process of respiration takes place in all livings, whereas the process of photosynthesis takes place in the organisms possessing chlorophyllous cells. The chemical equation describing photosynthesis is: 6CO2+6H20+energy--> 6O2 + C6H12O6. Photosynthesis is an anabolic course of that ends throughout the manufacturing of carbohydrate molecules. ADVERTISEMENTS: 3. Photosynthesis happens only in those cells containing chlorophyll while cellular respiration happens in all cells and it is independent of chlorophyll. The overall process of cellular respiration takes occurs in the mitochondria of cells. According to biologists, photosynthesis is responsible for generating and sustaining oxygen content of the Earth’s atmosphere. This article highlights the difference between photosynthesis and cellular respiration. Photosynthesis is the process where green plants use sunlight to manufacture their own food while cellular respiration is the process where cells breakdown glucose to release energy. In the absence of one, the chances of survival for the other drastically degrade. The other difference is that plants require sunlight for the process to occur, whereas respiration does not. The common example of photosynthesis are leaves that transform water, carbon dioxide, and other minerals into glucose and oxygen. Utilizes oxygen and carbohydrates. Therefore, we can consider this too as a difference between photosynthesis and cellular respiration. Similarities between Cellular Respiration and Photosythesis. Photosynthesis results in the gain of dry mass while cellular respiration results in loss of dry mass. Core Difference between Cellular Respiration and Photosynthesis. PLAY. Photosynthesis and cellular respiration are in many respects the “reverse” of one another. In contrast, cellular respiration occurs via three steps: glycolysis, Krebs cycle and electron transport chain. STUDY. The key difference between respiration and photosynthesis is that respiration burns food and produces energy while photosynthesis produces foods by capturing the sunlight. Side by Side Comparison – Photosynthesis vs Cellular Respiration in Tabular Form While photosynthesis requires energy and produces food, cellular respiration breaks down food and releases energy. Match. On the other hand, cellular respiration is a biochemical process by which cells obtain energy from the chemical bonds of food molecules. Also, in order for cellular respiration to occur, the presence of catalysts is not necessary; as it happens in the case of photosynthesis where the reaction only occurs in the presence of chlorophyll. What is the Cellular Respiration and Photosynthesis Equation? What are the differences between Cellular Respiration and Photosynthesis? Contrasting to photosynthesis that requires the need of energy to produce food, cellular respiration breakdown the food to release energy. Carbon dioxide has the exact opposite chemical … ATP is a key molecule in each. The key difference between photosynthesis and cellular respiration is that photosynthesis utilizes carbon dioxide and water to produce glucose and oxygen while cellular respiration utilizes glucose and oxygen to produce energy, carbon dioxide, and water. Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration Equation are as follow. The main difference between photosynthesis and cellular respiration is that photosynthesis is an anabolic process, where the synthesis of organic compounds occurs, storing energy whereas cellular respiration is a catabolic process, where the stored organic compounds are utilized, producing energy. 2. All living organisms carry out respiration: aerobic respiration in the presences of oxygen, and anaerobic respiration in the absence of oxygen. Moreover, photosynthesis is also responsible for supplying most of the energy and organic compounds necessary for life on Earth. Search. Respiration: 1. Gravity. 2. This catabolic process continues throughout the day and night. Photosynthesis can be divided into two main processes: light dependent (light reaction) process and light independent (dark reaction) process. Cellular respiration takes place in all living organisms in mitochondria, whereas photosynthesis occurs only in plants containing chlorophyll. The following equation is the most common form of summarizing photosynthesis: Carbon Dioxide (6CO2) + Water (6H2O) —-converted with help of light energy -→ Glucose (C6H12O6) + Oxygen (6 O2). Furthermore, respiration occurs in all living organisms but photosynthesis occurs only in … Photosynthesis is a process that converts light energy into chemical energy of carbohydrates in the presence of sunlight and chlorophylls. What is Photosynthesis One difference between cellular respiration and photosynthesis worth mentioning is the stages involved in each of the procedures. Photosynthesis used two electron transport chains while cellular respiration uses one electron transport chain. The overall reaction takes place in steps of biochemical steps, most of which are redox reactions themselves. Photosynthesis is an anabolic process, whereas cell respiration is a catabolic process; Photosynthesis: Water is broken down to oxygen to release electrons for an electron transport chain This entire process gives energy to all kind of living organism, and without it, there will be no concept of life on earth. Cellular respiration is not an easy process that happens in few simple steps. Test. also read the difference between virus and bacteria. In aerobic respiration, one glucose molecule can generate 36-38 molecules of ATP, but in anaerobic respiration (through glycolysis and fermentation) only 2 ATP molecules could be derived. They are the opposite of each other. It takes place in the chloroplasts of cells. The end products of respiration are carbon dioxide and water. Photosynthesis is a metabolic pathway that converts mild power into chemical power.cellular respiration is the set of the metabolic reactions and approaches that ensue in organisms' cells to transform biochemical power from food into adenosine triphosphate (ATP), and then launch waste products preliminary substrates of photosynthesis are carbon dioxide and water; the flexibility … While one is a forward event that seeks to capture, the other is a backward process that seeks to release. Equation of Photosynthesis is C6H12O6 + 6O2 ~> 6CO2 + 6H2O and equation of Respiration is 6CO2 + 6H2O ~> C6H12O6 + 6O2. In the case of plants, photosynthesis and cellular respiration are reactions that complement each other. Photosynthesis and cell respiration are in many respects the reverse of one another. 10 Difference between Cellular Respiration and Photosynthesis Respiration is a complex process which includes absorption of oxygen, conversion of complex substance like carbohydrates to carbon dioxide and water with release of energy as ATP to drive all cellular activities and as a … During photosynthesis, using the light energy of sunlight, carbon dioxide, and water transform into glucose and oxygen when photosynthetic pigments are present. Hence, photoautotrophs serve as primary producers in almost every food chain in an ecosystem. G-3-P is formed in both processes-In Glycolysis (cell respiration) and in Calvin cycle (photosynthesis). This is glucose, which can then be modified and combined with other glucose molecules to be stored as starches and complex sugars like fructose. what references did you use for this? Plants perform both photosynthesis and respiration, while animals can only perform respiration. The […] Carbohydrate produced by photosynthesis is the simplest form of food that could be processed by living organisms to obtain energy. View Difference Between Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration.docx from BIO 33 at St. John's University. Photosynthesis is an anabolic process that ends in the production of carbohydrate molecules. Different species perform the photosynthesis process in a variety of ways. Differences. Cellular respiration is different from the photosynthesis on many grounds in which the major difference is that it don’t require the need of sunlight at all and is always occurring in all living organisms either animals or plants. Light reaction needs the photons and water to give out oxygen leading to the production of ATP and NADPH. Flashcards. Furthermore, both processes depend on each other. Terms of Use and Privacy Policy: Legal. Photosynthesis converts the light energy of the sun into chemical energy of sugar by releasing oxygen as a byproduct. Despite the differences between these two processes, there are some similarities. Cellular respiration involves aerobic (glycolysis) and anaerobic respiration. Photosynthesis process generally occurs in algae, plants and some bacteria. Cellular respiration, on the other hand, is a catabolic process that ends in the breakdown of carbohydrate. Cellular Respiration vs Photosynthesis. Oxygen is the water product or output that is released in most of the photosynthesis processes. Differences between Photosynthesis and Respiration in table form: Photosynthesis: Respiration: 1. Photosynthesis is a very crucial process which allows life to continue on earth. Hence in photosynthesis you have the light dependent reactions and the dark reactions while in respiration there is aerobic respiration and anaerobic respiration. In the end, it also releases the waste product in the shape of water and carbon dioxide. Spell. Dr.Samanthi Udayangani holds a B.Sc. Photosynthesis takes place in two stages of the light reactions and the dark reactions. The main difference between photosynthesis and respiration is where it occurs, one being in plants and some bacteria and the other being in most every other living thing. Cellular respiration, then once more, is a catabolic course of that ends throughout the breakdown of carbohydrate; Photosynthesis happens solely in these cells containing chlorophyll whereas cellular respiration … Photosynthesis and cellular respiration are key processes of life. ADVERTISEMENTS: The upcoming discussion will update you about the differences between respiration and photosynthesis. At the to… The inputs in the photosynthesis are water and carbon dioxide while inputs in the case of cellular respiration are oxygen and glucose. The catabolic reaction is the primary reaction involved in the cellular respiration process that actually breaks down the larger one molecules into the small molecules by releasing energy in the process as the stronger bonds replace high energy bonds. Besides, the site of photosynthesis is chloroplasts while the sites of cellular respiration are cytoplasm and mitochondria. in Molecular and Applied Microbiology, and PhD in Applied Microbiology. In photosynthesis, energy is provided by photons while in cellular respiration, energy in provided by the catabolic processes. Photosynthesis is a process that is carried out by photoautotrophs. Cell Respiration: Uses the Krebs cycle to break down glucose (releases hydrogen carriers and carbon dioxide; Hydrogen carriers release electrons for an electron transport chain (NADH and FADH 2 specifically) Electrons from the transport chain are taken up by oxygen (to form water) Differences Between Photosynthesis and Cell Respiration The biggest difference between photosynthesis and respiration is that photosynthesis only occurs in plants and some bacteria while respiration occurs in all living organisms. On the contrary, photosynthesis occurs in green plants, which contain chlorophyll and uses sunlight and water to convert it into energy. Only $2.99/month. Her research interests include Bio-fertilizers, Plant-Microbe Interactions, Molecular Microbiology, Soil Fungi, and Fungal Ecology. Hence, this is also a difference between photosynthesis and cellular respiration. Upgrade to remove ads. Photosynthesis and cellular respiration are vital processes of living organisms. Write. “Photosynthesis en” By At09kg: originalWattcle : vector graphics – This file was derived from Photosynthesis.gif (CC BY-SA 4.0) via Commons Wikimedia ATP is the main purpose for cellular respirationwhereas for photosynthesis, ATP is only needed in order to create glucose. In summary, both photosynthesis and cellular respiration are important processes occuring in living organisms in order to obtain energy. See simple step wise explanation on . Plants store these produced sugar and starch in the forms of fruits and yams, etc. Similarities between Cell Respiration and Photosynthesis. Photosynthesis converts the light energy into potential energy while cellular respiration converts the potential energy into kinetic energy. Both have electron transport chains Both utilize ATP for energy Chemiosmosis allows ATP synthase to produce ATP . In photosynthesis, the provision of vitality whereas in cellular respiration, chemical bonds are the provision of vitality. Key Differences. What is the relationship between photosynthesis and cellular respiration?Photosynthesis and cellular respiration are opposite equations. 3. Photosynthesis used two electron transport chains while cellular respiration uses one electron transport chain. 1. Compare the Difference Between Similar Terms. To conclude this post, it is evident that this photosynthesis vs cellular respiration comparison shows how these two contradict each other with the same results. Cellular respiration uses glucose and oxygen to produce carbon dioxide and water. “Cellular respiration” By Darekk2 – Own work (CC BY-SA 3.0) via Commons Wikimedia, Filed Under: Biology Tagged With: cellular respiration, photosynthesis. Differences between Photosynthesis and Respiration It must be noted that despite being a similar process, photosynthesis and respiration takes place in reverse. The overall process of cellular respiration takes occurs in the mitochondria of cells. 4. Through these processes, plants obtain the carbon dioxide they need and living organisms obtain the oxygen they need. Photosynthesis generates high electron potential energy from light photons while cellular respiration generates high electron potential energy from breaking bonds. 4. Prokaryotic cells carry out cellular respiration in the cytoplasm whereas eukaryotic cells carry out cellular respiration mostly inside the mitochondria of the cell. The differences between photosynthesis vs. cellular respiration include the stages and processes involved, reactants, cell organelles, and chemical reactions. Oxygen produced through photosynthesis is essential for the process of respiration of most living creatures on earth. The relationship between photosynthesis and cellular respiration is such that the products of one system are the reactants of the other. It must be noted that despite being a similar process, photosynthesis and respiration takes place in reverse. Most other living organisms depend on these carbohydrates produced by plants through photosynthesis. All living things require a constant supply of energy in order to survive. 1. Chemiosmosis in Photosynthesis. Photosynthesis vs. Cellular respiration - - Photosynthesis and cellular respiration are complementary processes by which living things obtain needed substances. The outputs of the photosynthesis are oxygen and glucose and water and carbon dioxide in the case of cellular respiration. Some differences between photosynthesis and respiration are that photosynthesis only happens in sunlight while respiration happens constantly … 1. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. All rights reserved. One method of how animals derive this energy is through the process of cellular respiration. The process of photosynthesis is used by plants and other photosynthetic organisms to produce energy, whereas the process of cellular respiration breaks down the energy for use. @media (max-width: 1171px) { .sidead300 { margin-left: -20px; } } This article explores, 1. Cellular Respiration and Photosynthesis. Peter Mitchell proposed this theory to explain ATP synthesis during cellular respiration. A scientific process that explains how the plants and other organisms convert light or sun energy into chemical energy that is later on used by these organisms to fuel their activities. Photosynthesis involves the production of NADPH while cellular respiration involves the production of both FADH and NADH. Chemiosmotic Theory states that Electron transport and ATP synthesis are coupled by a proton gradient across the inner mitochondrial membrane. For instance, in photosynthesis, the input, namely, water and carbon dioxide, generate Glucose and oxygen as by-products. During photosynthesis process, oxygen is released and carbon dioxide while in cellular respiration, carbon dioxide is released, and oxygen is absorbed. 1- In what way does the energy involved with photosynthesis differ from the energy involved Browse. During photosynthesis process, energy is stored in the form of chemical energy or glucose while in cellular respiration; energy is released in the form of ATP. In photosynthesis, the reaction only takes place in the presence of chlorophyll while cellular respiration is independent of the catalyst for respiration reaction. “Cellular Respiration.” Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, 22 Feb. 2019, Available here. Furthermore, only photoautotrophs carry out photosynthesis while all living organisms carry out cellular respiration. PLAY. Cellular respiration uses carbohydrates, fats, and proteins as fuels. Cellular respiration is a biochemical process by which cells convert the chemical energy of macromolecules into energy in the form of ATP. Log in Sign up. To do this, the chloroplasts will combine units of carbon dioxide into chains of 6 carbons, 12 hydrogens, and 6 oxygens. Whereas, cellular respiration is a process that converts the chemical energy of organic compounds into ATP (energy currency) in order to use it for all functions occurring in living organisms. The main difference between photosynthesis and cellular respiration is that during the process of photosynthesis energy is stored while energy released in cellular respiration. 6. Let us have look at differences between Photosynthesis and Respiration side by side. Photosynthesis vs. Cellular Respiration. This process is occurring during cellular respiration and photosynthesis. 1- In what way does the energy involved with photosynthesis differ from the energy involved What is Difference between Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration? Photosynthesis is an anabolic process, whereas cellular respiration is a catabolic process. 3. Electron transport chain occurs at the inner mitochondrial membrane. Glycolysis occurs in the cytosol while Krebs cycle occurs in the mitochondrial matrix. NADPH is a reducing agent that can reduce its hydrogen molecule. A scientific process that explains the conversion of light energy into chemical energy by plants to produce food. What is Cellular Respiration Plant, algae, and cyanobacteria are the main groups of photoautotrophs. Degree in Plant Science, M.Sc. It can only occur in plants, algae, and very few bacteria. The key difference between photosynthesis and cellular respiration is that photosynthesis utilizes carbon dioxide and water to produce glucose and oxygen while cellular respiration utilizes glucose and oxygen to produce energy, carbon dioxide, and water. Learn. It takes place only within the chloroplast. for future use. 2. Glucose is the most commonly utilized energy source in cellular respiration. Photosynthesis involves the use of energy from sunlight, water and carbon dioxide to produce glucose and oxygen. The former takes place in four different stages – glycolysis, linking, Kreb’s cycle, and electron transport chain levels. Moreover, cellular respiration can be divided into three metabolic processes as glycolysis, Krebs cycle and electron transport chain. Photoautotrophs produce their own food by this process. If oxygen is not present, respiration would happen by two metabolic pathways in the cytosol via glycolysis and fermentation. Start studying Differences Between Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration. 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Cellular respiration is different from the photosynthesis on many grounds in which the major difference is that it don’t require the need of sunlight at all and is always occurring in all living organisms either animals or plants. Photosynthesis occurs in the presence of light while cellular respiration is a continuous activity that likes to happen all the time. In photosynthesis, energy is provided by photons while in cellular respiration, energy in provided by the catabolic processes. On the other hand, in cellular respiration, oxygen and Glucose release water and carbon dioxide as by-products. Difference Between Cellular Respiration and Photosynthesis April 5, 2018 By Rachna C Leave a Comment Cellular respiration takes place in the every living organisms, as it is the simple process of converting oxygen and glucose into carbon dioxide and water and ultimately producing energy for the cells of the body. Processes in photosynthesis are divided on basis of requirement of sunlight while respiration processes are divided on basis of requirement of oxygen. 1. Thus, this concludes the summary of the difference between photosynthesis and cellular respiration. Photosynthesis is the food making process or energy storage process, whereas respiration is the … “Photosynthetic Cells.” Nature News, Nature Publishing Group, Available here. In fact it could be said that in both cases it is the same process, but in the opposite direction. 6CO2 + 12H2O + light –> C6H12O6 + 6O2 + 6H20, Occurs in algae, plants and some bacteria, Occurs in all living organisms either plants or animals. Photosynthesis occurs only in plants and certain types of bacteria, whereas cellular respiration can occur in both animals and plants. Another difference between photosynthesis and cellular respiration is that the first is an endothermic reaction, while the second is exothermic. View Difference Between Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration.docx from BIO 33 at St. John's University. Difference Between Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration: Conclusion. In both cases it is said to be the main difference between cellular and! Involved in each of the sun into chemical energy of carbohydrates in the direction! Potential energy from sunlight, water and carbon dioxide, water and carbon dioxide ) but in the case cellular. Will combine units of carbon dioxide while in cellular respiration is a biochemical by! Photosynthesis, ATP is only needed in order to obtain energy reactions that complement other. For cellular respirationwhereas for photosynthesis, the input, namely, water and carbon dioxide in the of! Cell of living organisms obtain the carbon dioxide as by-products require a constant supply of energy in by! Publishing Group, Available here respiration: aerobic respiration and photosynthesis worth mentioning is the between! 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